# How Does Changing Shape Affect Temperature and Ice Thickness Calculation?

• Zekexx
In summary, the conversation discusses two questions related to temperature and heat flow. The first question involves a solid sphere being melted down and recast into a cube with the same emissivity and radiant power. The summary provides the equations and steps to find the temperature of the cube in Kelvin. The second question involves calculating the heat flow and thickness of ice on a lake. The summary provides the equation for heat flow and points out a mistake in the equation for density.
Zekexx

## Homework Statement

Question 1: A solid sphere has a temperature of 873 K. The sphere is melted down and recast into a cube that has the same emissivity and emits the same radiant power as the sphere. What is the cube's temperature in Kelvin?

Questions 2: A 0.454-m-thick sheet of ice covers a lake. The air temperature at the ice surface is -13.4 °C. In 1.03 minutes, the ice thickens by a small amount. Assume that no heat flows from the ground below into the water and that the added ice is very thin compared to 0.454 m. Find the number of millimeters by which the ice thickens.

## Homework Equations

Question 1 : We are to assume that the radius of the sphere is R and side length of the cube is L and that volume is kept constant so L = (4/3pi)^1/3R and Q/t cube = Q/t sphere the areas of and cue is 6L^2 and a sphere is 4piR^2

Question 2 : First we must find the amount of heat flow from Q=((KAT)t)/L now the A for this problem is 1 m^2 after Q is found we can use Q=ML to find mass and density = MV to find the volume.

## The Attempt at a Solution

Question 1 : Since everytihng is read to be kept constant except for temperature and area can't we just condense so that T^4A = T^4A and than we can substitute in for L so that we get
873^4*4*pi*R^2 = T^4*6*(4/3pi)^2/3*R^2
this would allow our R's to cancel and then it is just algebra...is this right or am i missing something?

Question 2:
Q=((KAT)t)/L
Q=(2.2*1*13.4*(1.03*60))/.454

Q = ML
So Q/L=M

and Density = M*V

so Density/M = V

am i missing something in this part of the problem?

Everything looks right except your equation for density. Think carefully about that one again.

p.s. Welcome to Physics Forums

.

For question 1, your approach seems correct. You can use the Stefan-Boltzmann law, T^4A = T^4A, to solve for the temperature of the cube. However, be careful with your units and make sure they are consistent.

For question 2, your approach also seems correct. You can use the equation Q = mL to find the mass of the ice, and then use the density formula to find the volume. Again, just make sure your units are consistent throughout your calculations. Additionally, since the added ice is very thin compared to the overall thickness of the ice sheet, you can assume that the volume of the ice does not change significantly and use the initial thickness of the ice sheet to calculate the volume. This will give you a more accurate result.

## 1. What is the definition of heat transfer?

Heat transfer is the process of energy moving from a higher temperature object to a lower temperature object. It can occur through three main mechanisms: conduction, convection, and radiation.

## 2. What are some examples of heat transfer in everyday life?

Some examples of heat transfer in everyday life include feeling warmth from the sun's rays, using a stove to cook food, and feeling the warmth from a fire. It also occurs when we touch objects that are warmer or cooler than our body temperature.

## 3. What factors affect the rate of heat transfer?

The rate of heat transfer is affected by several factors, including the temperature difference between the objects, the thermal conductivity of the materials, the surface area of the objects, and the distance between them.

## 4. How does insulation play a role in heat transfer problems?

Insulation is a material that reduces the rate of heat transfer. It works by trapping air pockets, which are poor conductors of heat, and preventing thermal energy from moving through the material. Insulation is commonly used in homes to keep them warm in the winter and cool in the summer.

## 5. How is heat transfer used in engineering and technology?

Heat transfer is essential in many engineering and technological applications. It is used in the design of building materials, such as insulation and windows, to regulate temperature. It is also used in the production of energy, such as in power plants, and in the design of cooling systems for electronic devices.

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