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How far can the ant walk before slipping off the record?

  1. Nov 18, 2012 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    A 1-mg ant is located near the center of a horizontal record (radius = 7 inches) which is rotating at 78rpm. The coefficient of friction between the ant and the record is 0.7. How far out towards the edge of the record can the ant walk before it will slip?


    2. Relevant equations

    circumference = d[itex]\Pi[/itex]
    ΔV = circumference * rpm
    Fcentripetal = m(v2/r)
    [itex]\Sigma[/itex]F=ma

    3. The attempt at a solution

    I got all of my numbers into lowest form/metric units.
    So the radius is 0.1778 meters; rpm is now 78/60 or 1.3 rev/sec
    Circumference = 0.3556[itex]\Pi[/itex]; circumference = 1.11 meters
    Velocity = 1.11/1.3; velocity = 1.45 m/s

    I then listed the forces involved: Fcentripetal; Fn; Fgravity; Ffriction

    I setup my free body diagram like this picture attached

    I can then do the forces in the x direction (cosine) and the forces in the y direction (sin).
    My question for now, is if I get a number for x and y, how will that tell me how long until the ant slips? We've never covered a question like this in my physics class before.
     

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  3. Nov 18, 2012 #2
    Sorry, I can't decipher your diagram.

    What is the condition that the ant NOT slip, i.e., keep going in circles?
     
  4. Nov 18, 2012 #3
    Wouldn't the centripetal force be keeping the ant going in circles? Since that force would be radially inward?
     

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  5. Nov 18, 2012 #4
    sorry it keeps rotating.
     

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  6. Nov 18, 2012 #5
    Yes, but WHAT creates the inward force keeping the ant in circular motion?
     
  7. Nov 18, 2012 #6
    Would it be that the ant is constantly being accelerated toward the center of the record?
     
  8. Nov 18, 2012 #7
    The ant is being accelerated BY the inward force. But HOW does the force originate?

    Imagine the ant is not on a record, but is tied to an end of a horizontal rod rotating about the other end. WHAT keeps the ant rotating with the rod?
     
  9. Nov 18, 2012 #8
    I would think an unbalanced force consisting of it's weight, normal force, and friction. I went back to look at my notes on this section and all I have states an equation:

    M*(N2∏)2)R/T2
     
  10. Nov 18, 2012 #9
    For an ant tied to a rotating rod, the source of the inward pull is the tension in rod/rope. But for an ant on a rotating surface with friction, what would that be?
     
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