# How far into the block does the arrow penetrate?

1. Sep 2, 2006

### Zippy

An arrow is fired with a speed of 20.0 m/s at a block of Styrofoam resting on a smooth surface. The arrow penetrates a certain distance into the block before coming to rest relative to it. During this process the arrow's deceleration has a magnitude of 1550 m/s^2 and the block's acceleration has a magnitude of 450 m/s^2.
a) how long does it take for the arrow to stop moving with respect to the block?
b) what is the common speed of the arrow and the block when this happens?
c) how far into the block does the arrow penetrate?

2. Sep 2, 2006

### Farsight

You know that the block is accelerating as the arrow is decelerating, and at some time t they reach the same final velocity v. Use this to write down two equations involving initial velocity, acceleration or deceleration, and time. The left hand side of the two equations is v, you can forget about that for now. But that means the right hand side of the two equations equal one another, and you can use that to work out t.

That gives you a) and you can work out the rest from there.

3. Sep 2, 2006

### neutrino

Welcome to PF, Zippy.

You need to show what you've done, or your ideas on how to solve the problem, before we can help you.

4. Sep 2, 2006

### Farsight

neutrino: sorry, we overlapped there.

zippy: the idea is to give you help and encouragement, but not to do it all for you.

5. Sep 2, 2006

### Zippy

Thanks for the help. I think I've got (a) and (b), but I'm not sure how to approach (c).

This is what I've got so far:

(a) vi1+a1t=vi2+a2t
20-1550t=0+450t
2000t=20
t=0.01s

(b) v=vi2+a2t
v=0+450*0.01
v=4.5 m/s

Can you tell me if these are correct?

6. Sep 2, 2006

### neutrino

That's not a problem. :)

That's right. :D

7. Sep 2, 2006

### Zippy

Could someone give me a hint for (c)? I really have no idea where to start.

8. Sep 2, 2006

### Zippy

For (c), if I start plugging in numbers into x=(v^2-vi^2)/(2a), I get x1=0.1225 m and x2=0.0225 m. The difference is 0.1 m, so is that how far the arrow penetrates the block???

9. Sep 2, 2006

### Farsight

You can make c) simpler. Ask yourself how much the arrow decelerated, in what time, and at what rate.

10. Sep 4, 2006

### Spidar

Hey Zippy, I followed the same reasoning you did and got the same answer, but could I get some confirmation if it's right or if there was some flaw in the reasoning?