How Many Food Calories with Efficiency %

  • #1
6
0
I figured out (a) but I am having trouble with (b):
(a) What is the efficiency of an out of condition professor who 2.10e5 J of useful work while metabolizing 500 kcal of food energy?
(b) How many food calories would a well-conditioned athlete metabolize in doing the same work with an efficiency of 25%?


Homework Equations


OE + Wnc = OEf
η = Work_out / Work_in
Work_in = η * work_out



The Attempt at a Solution


For (a) I converted the calories to Joules
1 kcal = 4184 J
500 kcal (4184J/1 kcal) = 2.1e6 J

η = W_out/W_in
η = (2.10e5J) / (2.10e6J)
η = 10%

(b) I assume I could input the 25% into the equation and work backwards but it's not giving me a correct anwser. I've tried the following:

0.25 = (2.10e5J) / (kcal)
kcal = (0.25)(2.10e5J)
kcal = 52500J
Convert the Joules to kcal and get something like 12kcal

But that's wrong also.
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
6
0
I realize that I wrote my equation wrong at the end I said that it should be η*work_out but it is work_out/η . Here is how I finalized the problem:

η = work_out / work_in

0.25 = (2.10e5) / (kcal)

kcal = (2.10e5) / (0.25)

kcal = 840e3 J

J to kcal 1kcal = 4184 J

840e3 / 4184 = 201 kcal
 

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