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Image distance / focal length relation

  1. Dec 6, 2005 #1
    Let O be the object, L be the lense, I be the image, and S be a screen for projecting an image. The lens can be placed anywhere between O and S. Let f be the focal length of the lense. Prove that for an image to be clearly formed on screen S, OS > 4f must be true.

    A figure of a "too short" OS distance (since the image would be past the screen) would look like this:


    I am having a very hard time proving that OS>4f must be true!! Any hints?
  2. jcsd
  3. Dec 7, 2005 #2


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    For the image distance [itex]d_i[/itex] subs [itex]s-d_o[/itex] where s is the distance between object and screen. After a bit of work you should get to
    which gives you a quadratic equation in [itex]d_o[/itex]
    By requiring that the determinant should be positve the result follows.
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