# Integration of 1/(a^2sin^2(x)+b^2cos^2(x))^2)

1. Dec 10, 2013

### s0ft

How do I integrate:
$\int\dfrac{dx}{(a^2sin^2(x)+b^2cos^2(x))^2}$
Multiplying and dividing by $sec^4(x)$ doesn't work, neither does substituting $tan$.
Any pointers would be appreciated.

Last edited: Dec 10, 2013
2. Dec 10, 2013

### Simon Bridge

Use other trig identities to simplify the expression.

$$a^2\sin^2x + b^2\cos^2x = \cos^2x[a^2\sec^2x +(b^2-a^2)]\\ \qquad =a^2+(b^2-a^2)\cos^2x\\ \qquad = (a^2-b^2)\sin^2x + b^2$$

Also, consider similar triangles with the same angle x but different hypotenuses ... one has hypotenuse $a^2$ and the other $b^2$

Can you sub $u^2=a^2\sin^2x+b^2\cos^2x$

It's basically a matter of working through lots of things until you get a feel for the relationships.

Last edited: Dec 10, 2013
3. Dec 10, 2013

### s0ft

Thanks Simon, $(a^2−b^2)sin^2(x)+b^2$ did help move forward but now I'm stuck at $\int \dfrac{1+t^2}{(a^2t^2+b^2)^2} dt$ And though I may be able to continue on from here trying this and that, isn't there a shorter way?

4. Dec 10, 2013

### s0ft

$\int_0^\pi\dfrac{x dx}{(a^2sin^2(x)+b^2cos^2(x))^2}$