# Kinematics - projectile with acceleration that depends on V

• Feodalherren

## Homework Statement

A ship is traveling across the sea when its engines are cut. The ship slows down by a = -kV2. The ship gradually slows down from 5 knots/h to 12 knots/h over 20min. Determine the distance traveled in nautical miles. One knot is 1 nautical mile per hour.

Kinematics

## The Attempt at a Solution

Vi = .2 [nmiles / min]
Vf = .1167 [nmiles / min]

nmiles= nautical miles

a = dV/dt = -kV2

(1/V2)dV = -k dt

integrate over Vi to Vf and 0 to 20min.

therefore k = .1786 [1/nmiles]

units seem to add up if a = -kv^2 the units will become nmiles/min^2

confident that k is correct. Not sure though.

Now for V.

a= v dv/dx = -kv2

-kv2 = v dv/dx

-kdx = (1/v) dv

integrating from Xi to Xf and Vi to Vf

-k(Xf - Xi) = ln(Vf - Vi)

Natural log of a negative number, impossible.
Where am I going wrong?

Last edited:
Wait. Did I take the integral wrong, does it become

-k(Xf - Xi) = ln(Vf/Vi)

? Is that the correct answer?

The ship gradually slows down by 5 knots/h from 12 knots/h over 20min. Determine the distance traveled in nautical miles. One knot is 1 nautical mile per hour.
...
Vi = .2 [nmiles / min]
Vf = .1167 [nmiles / min]
Did you mean to say the ship slows from 12 knots/h to 7 knots/h?
If so, then I agree with your value of k

-k(Xf - Xi) = ln(Vf/Vi)

? Is that the correct answer?
Looks good to me :) I get the same

Feodalherren
Yes indeed I did mean to say that.

Thank you Sir!