# Level Surfaces Problem- Calc III

I have a couple of questions, but probably only need one worked out to figure out the rest.

1. Find a function f(x,y,z) whose level surface f=8 is the graph of the function 3x+4y

=> I know that a level surface for f(x,y,z) is the solution to f(x,y,z)=k. However, now I'm stuck. I know how two draw or identify level surfaces when they're given, but I don't know what this question is asking.

Solutions that I have tried that don't make sense:

3x+4y=8
3x+4y-z=8
A couple of other shots in the dark
...eh?

2. a)Given f(x,y)= sqrt(16-x^2), find level surface of g(x,y,z)=c representing f(x,y).
b) c=?

=> f(x,y) is obviously half a cylinder of r=4, but again I can't visualize what the question asks.

Thanks!

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1. Find a function f(x,y,z) whose level surface f=8 is the graph of the function 3x+4y

Solutions that I have tried that don't make sense:

3x+4y=8
3x+4y-z=8
The first is an equation describing a subset of the plane; the second is an equation describing a subset of space. You need a function that assigns a value to every point in space. The only constraint on this function is that it should assign the value 8 to the points of the subset of space defined by the equation $$z = 3x + 4y$$, and not to any other points.

Here's a hint. If you know that $$z = 3x + 4y$$, what number can you predictably make out of $$(x, y, z)$$? How can you turn this number into the 8 you need?

2. a)Given f(x,y)= sqrt(16-x^2), find level surface of g(x,y,z)=c representing f(x,y).
b) c=?
Same strategy. You are asked to give a function $$g$$ and a number $$c$$ so that the $$c$$-level set of $$g$$ is the subset of space described by the equation $$z = \sqrt{16 - x^2}$$. Figure out a function $$g$$ which gives a predictable number at the points of this subset (and nowhere else).

"The only constraint on this function is that it should assign the value 8 to the points of the subset of space defined by the equation $$z = 3x + 4y$$, and not to any other points.

Here's a hint. If you know that $$z = 3x + 4y$$, what number can you predictably make out of $$(x, y, z)$$? How can you turn this number into the 8 you need?"

Still having difficulty. What I get from your explanation of "constraints" is that 8 should be substituted for x and y; is this correct?

In which case, the number predictably gotten would be 56, which divided by 7 would give 8.

... right track? completely wrong? Thanks.

Completely wrong, sorry.

Try a simpler problem. Can you give a function that takes the value zero in the $$xy$$-plane (i.e., on the plane $$z = 0$$), and nowhere else -- so that its 0-level set is that plane?

... I would hazard a guess at no. Would it be permissible for you to numerically work though one of either my examples or yours, and we'll see if I can get the subsequent examples from looking at that that? Verbal explanations clearly aren't working (though I appreciate them!).

From your example: does that mean that, for z=0, the function also equals 0?

SammyS
Staff Emeritus
Homework Helper
Gold Member
...
The only constraint on this function is that it should assign the value 8 to the points of the subset of space defined by the equation $$z = 3x + 4y$$, and not to any other points.

Here's a hint. If you know that $$z = 3x + 4y$$, what number can you predictably make out of $$(x, y, z)$$? How can you turn this number into the 8 you need?
...
Andy,

If $$z=3x-4y$$ then, what is $$3x-4y-z$$ equal to?

To Sammy:

Oh, I misunderstood the previous wording.

3x-4y-z=0

So, to "turn this number into the 8 you need," add 8 to both sides?

hence f(x,y,z) = 3x-4y-z+8

SammyS
Staff Emeritus
Homework Helper
Gold Member
To Sammy:

Oh, I misunderstood the previous wording.

3x-4y-z=0

So, to "turn this number into the 8 you need," add 8 to both sides?

hence f(x,y,z) = 3x-4y-z+8
Yes, I believe that's what ystael was suggesting.