Library that supports multidimensional Arrays

  • #1
30
2
I'm am looking for a C++ library that supports high-dimensional arrays ( 3=< ) and element-wise calculations.
Is there such a thing?
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
1,532
633
What exactly are you trying to do? Native C++ supports as many dimensions as you want:

Code:
int fourDArray[10][10][10][10];
 
  • Like
Likes QuantumQuest
  • #3
30
2
What exactly are you trying to do? Native C++ supports as many dimensions as you want:

Code:
int fourDArray[10][10][10][10];

I have N x N 1x3 vectors that I need to be able to sum element-wise row-wise. I also need to do element-wise calculations on N x 3 arrays.
 
  • #4
35,431
7,296
I have N x N 1x3 vectors that I need to be able to sum element-wise row-wise.
This could be implemented as a three-dimensional array, something that is straightforward enough that I doubt that there is a library of the type you're looking for. With regard to "sum element-wise row-wise," you need to be a bit more explicit as to what you mean.
madsmh said:
I also need to do element-wise calculations on N x 3 arrays.
Nearly all C++ textbooks have a section on working with multidimension arrays. I'm sure there are also many online tutorials about the same subject.
 
  • #5
30
2
Perhaps I wasn't clear. What I'm looking for is a numpy-like library for C++.
 
  • #6
35,431
7,296
Perhaps I wasn't clear. What I'm looking for is a numpy-like library for C++.
No, you were clear. What @newjerseyrunner and I are saying is that no such library is needed. Even if such a library existed, the time it would take to learn how to use that API would be at least as much as the time it takes to learn how to use multidimension arrays in C++.
 
  • #7
30
2
No, you were clear. What @newjerseyrunner and I are saying is that no such library is needed. Even if such a library existed, the time it would take to learn how to use that API would be at least as much as the time it takes to learn how to use multidimension arrays in C++.

And that, like Mark44's post, does not answer my question.
 
  • #8
jim mcnamara
Mentor
4,478
3,256
Okay - the answer is the standard C++ (or C) library handles multidimensional arrays. The boost library has some extra add-ons for arrays. Multi-index containers, for example.

Lapack handles multidimensional tensors (matrices)- Linear algebra. More good add-ons.

http://www.boost.org/

http://www.netlib.org/lapack/

These extend the base standard library. This is as close to an answer for the question as posed. I believe:
Please tell us what you are trying to do. Please do not ask a question assuming you know how to accomplish the task, in this case some library you think must exist.
 
  • #9
35,431
7,296
Okay - the answer is the standard C++ (or C) library handles multidimensional arrays.
As an example, here's some code that creates essentially a 4 x 4 matrix of column vectors, with each column vector being
##\begin {bmatrix} 1 \\ 2 \\ 3 \end{bmatrix}##

The following code creates a 3D array, one "slice" of which looks like this:
##\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 1 & 1 & 1 \\
2 & 2 & 2 & 2 \\
3 & 3 & 3 & 3 \end{bmatrix}##
The other "slices" look the same
C:
int main()
{
    int vectors[4][3][4];
    int i, j, k;

    for (k = 0; k < 4; k++) // Each column
    {
        for (j = 0; j < 3; j++) // Each row
        {
            for (i = 0; i < 4; i++) // Each slice
               vectors[i][j][k] = 1 + j;
        }
    }
 return 0;
}
 
  • Like
Likes QuantumQuest and jim mcnamara
  • #10
35,431
7,296
@madsmh, from one of your previous threads, you're coding in python. Python is a much higher-level language, so you might be unfamiliar with how things are done in a lower-level language like C or C++ where there isn't so much happening under the hood.
 
  • #11
rcgldr
Homework Helper
8,775
572
There aren't many languages that fully support multi-dimensional arrays with built in operators. The only language I'm aware of that does this is APL (A Programming Language), where almost all of the built in operators support scalars, vectors, matrices, and arrays with 3 or more dimensions. I assume Matlab comes close to this, but I don't know Matlab. Prior posts already mentioned some libraries for C / C++.
 
  • #12
30
2
Thank you all for your suggestions. @Mark44 Is correct that I am used to Python with only a passing familiarity with C++.
The project I am working on is N-Body simulator for predicting Solar System orbits in Python, and I would like to speed
up the computations without loosing the graphical abilies of Python. As an example of what I would like to to do in C++ is the Verlet integrator which I have implemented like this:

Python:
def verlet(system, trajectory, rows, delta_t):

    delta_t2 = delta_t ** 2

    # TODO Implement Velocity Verlet
    for k in range(rows):
        if k == 0:
            # Get initial positions
            q0 = system.get_positions()

            # Save to trajectory
            trajectory.set_trajectory_position(q0)

        elif k == 1:
            # Get previous position
            q0 = trajectory.get_position_at_index(0)

            # Get initial velocity
            p0 = system.get_velocities()

            # Calculate accerleration
            a = system.get_accelerations()

            # Calculate q1
            q1 = q0 + p0 * delta_t + 0.5 * a * delta_t2

            # Save to trajectory
            trajectory.set_trajectory_position(q1)

            # Update positions of the planets
            system.set_positions(q1)

        # Calculate q_n+1
        else:
            # Calculate accerleration
            a = system.get_accelerations()

            # Get the prevous results
            qn1 = trajectory.get_position_at_index(k-2)
            qn = trajectory.get_position_at_index(k-1)

            # Calculate new new positions
            qplus = 2*qn - qn1 + a * delta_t2

            # Save to trajectory
            trajectory.set_trajectory_position(qplus)

            # Update positions of the planets
            system.set_positions(qplus)

As you can see I am able to do computations with multiple N x 3 arrays in a single line of code with Numpy.
I was hoping that there would be a similar facillities in C++ via a library.
 

Related Threads on Library that supports multidimensional Arrays

  • Last Post
Replies
18
Views
10K
Replies
2
Views
10K
  • Last Post
Replies
4
Views
2K
Replies
29
Views
3K
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
14
Views
5K
  • Last Post
Replies
2
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
10
Views
5K
Top