Linear and Angular Motion and Friction Q.2a & b

  • Thread starter Sparky500
  • Start date
  • #1
34
0

Homework Statement



Determine the maximum speed at which a vehicle can negotiate a curve of
20m radius:
The vehicle has a track width of 1.3m and a centre of gravity midway between the wheels and 0.6m above the ground. The coefficient of friction between the tyres and the road is 0.5.

a) without skidding

b) without overturning

Homework Equations



a) mv^2/r = μmg

b) v^2 = gdr/2h

The Attempt at a Solution



a) v = sqrt μrg

v = sqrt 0.5 x 20m x 9.81m/s^2

= sqrt 98.1 m^2/s^2

= 9.9 m/s

b) v = sqrt gdr/2h

= sqrt 9.81m/s^2 x 1.3m x 20m/2 x 0.6m

= sqrt 255.06m^3/s^2 / 1.2m

= 212.55m^2/s^2

= 14.58 m/s

Again please can someone confirm that i have done these correctly and if not could you point me to which part i have gone wrong. I am not looking for the answer just direction.

Many thanks
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
34
0
either this makes no sense or i am more clever than i thought :p
 
  • #3
The first part is correct, of that I'm sure, but the second part, I don't know how you arrived at that relation.
 
  • #4
This is what I've been able to do so far, perhaps I'm missing something, if so, maybe you can point it out:

Lets split the wheels on the car to that on the left side and the right side.
The forces:

The normal reaction on the left side be N1, and on the right N2.
The centrifugal force being mv^2/r
Frictional force being [tex]\mu N_1[/tex] on the left side and [tex]\mu N_2[/tex] on the right side.

At equilibrium, just before the car is about to overturn, all the torques about the center of gravity must sum to zero.

x is the horizontal distance of either of the wheels from the center of gravity.

This gives [tex]N_1+\frac{mv^2}{r}\frac{h}{x} =N_2[/tex]. Also [tex]N_1+N_2=mg[/tex].

Solving this, you get [tex]N_1=\frac{m}{2}(g-\frac{v^2h}{rx})[/tex] and [tex]N_2=\frac{m}{2}(g+\frac{v^2h}{rx})[/tex].

Now, I'm missing something which relates N1, N2 and the velocity in another manner... any ideas?
 
  • #5
Got it. When the wheels leave the ground, N1=0. This gives [tex]g=\frac{v^2h}{rx}[/tex]. This gives [tex]v=\sqrt{\frac{grx}{h}}[/tex]
 
  • #6
34
0
hi, could you confirm your thoughts as to whether you feel that i have both parts correct? as you appear to have only h under the fraction as i have 2h, this looks to be the only difference in the given equation.
 
  • #7
It should only be h and not 2h.
 

Related Threads on Linear and Angular Motion and Friction Q.2a & b

Replies
5
Views
16K
Replies
3
Views
1K
Replies
2
Views
1K
  • Last Post
Replies
4
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
3
Views
8K
Replies
4
Views
4K
  • Last Post
Replies
4
Views
3K
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
5
Views
6K
Top