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marcus

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**Particle Identifications from Symmetries of Braided Ribbon Network Invariants**

Sundance Bilson-Thompson, Jonathan Hackett, Lou Kauffman, Lee Smolin

9 pages, 7 figures

(Submitted on 1 Apr 2008)

"We develop the idea that the particles of the standard model may arise from excitations of quantum geometry. A previously proposed topological model of preons is developed so that it incorporates an unbounded number of generations. A condition is also found on quantum gravity dynamics necessary for the interactions of the standard model to emerge."

Here is a quote from the Conclusions, section 5 on page 8:

**We have presented an embedding of the fermion and weak vector boson states of the standard model in a class of loop quantum gravity models. These are models in which the states are based on embeddings of framed trivalent spin networks, with possibly arbitrary labellings, whose dynamics is given by the standard dual Pachner trivalent moves, plus additional moves consistent with the conservation of the topological invariants (a; b; c).**

There are a number of interrelated questions that remain open before the promise of this development can be fully understood...

There are a number of interrelated questions that remain open before the promise of this development can be fully understood...