# Loop and solenoid, find the current

1. Jun 23, 2008

### scholio

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

a single loop is placed deep within a 4 meter long solenoid having a total number of turns equal to 40000. the loop has an area od 0.01m^2 and it carries a current of 20 ampere. the loop is oriented so that the torque on the loop is a maximum with a magnitude of pi*10^-4 newton meters.

what is the current in the solenoid?

2. Relevant equations

magnetic dipole moment, mu = NIA where N is number of turns, I is current, A is area

torque, tau = mu X B where X indicates cross product, B is magnetic field

magnetic field, B = mu_0/4pi[integral(IdL/r^2)] where mu_0 is constant = 4pi*10^-7, dL is change in length, r is radius/distance, I is current

3. The attempt at a solution

mu = NIA
mu = (40000)(20)(0.01)
mu = 8000

tau = mu X B
pi*10^-4 = 8000sin(90) ---> max torque so theta = 90 degrees
pi*10^-4/8000 = B
B = 3.93*10^-8 Teslas

area of circle = pi(r^2)
sqrt[0.01/pi] = r
r = 0.056 m

B = mu_0/4pi[integral(IdL/r^2)]
3.93*10^-8 = (10^-7(4)I)/(0.056^2)
I = ((3.93*10^-8)(0.056^2))/(4*10^-7)
I = 3.075*10^-4 ampere