solenoid Definition and Topics - 85 Discussions

A solenoid (, from the Greek σωληνοειδής sōlēnoeidḗs, "pipe-shaped") is a type of electromagnet, the purpose of which is to generate a controlled magnetic field through a coil wound into a tightly packed helix. The coil can be arranged to produce a uniform magnetic field in a volume of space when an electric current is passed through it. The term solenoid was coined in 1823 by André-Marie Ampère to designate a helical coil.In the study of electromagnetism, a solenoid is a coil whose length is substantially greater than its diameter. The helical coil of a solenoid does not necessarily need to revolve around a straight-line axis; for example, William Sturgeon's electromagnet of 1824 consisted of a solenoid bent into a horseshoe shape.
In engineering, the term may also refer to a variety of transducer devices that convert energy into linear motion. In simple terms, a solenoid converts electrical energy into mechanical work. The term is also often used to refer to a solenoid valve, an integrated device containing an electromechanical solenoid which actuates either a pneumatic or hydraulic valve, or a solenoid switch, which is a specific type of relay that internally uses an electromechanical solenoid to operate an electrical switch; for example, an automobile starter solenoid or linear solenoid. Solenoid bolts, a type of electromechanical locking mechanism, also exist. In electromagnetic technology, a solenoid is an actuator assembly with a sliding ferromagnetic plunger inside the coil. Without power, the plunger extends for part of its length outside the coil; applying power pulls the plunger into the coil. Electromagnets with fixed cores are not considered solenoids.
The term solenoid also refers to any device that converts electrical energy to mechanical energy using a solenoid. The device creates a magnetic field from electric current, and uses the magnetic field to create linear motion.

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  1. warhammer

    I Guidance Requested on Inductance Formula for Solenoid

    In my textbook on EM, the formula for self inductance of a finite solenoid is given as: L= (μ(o)* N^2*A * {√(a^2+ l^2) - a} )/l^2 where a=Radius of each turn, l=length of solenoid. I am having trouble and extreme difficulty in trying to ascertain how this formula was derived in the book and...
  2. lekh2003

    Electrical How to use capacitors in a Solenoid circuit

    I've been working on designing an experiment over the past few weeks as part of a school project, under the supervision of a teacher. I have designed a small low-power coil-gun. I have a coil of roughly 60m 24 AWG copper wire wrapped around a length of 2.5cm of clear PVC pipe. I tested the...
  3. KarlsShwarzschild

    Electromagnetic induction (finding ΔΦ).

  4. G

    Confusion on the magnitude of magnetic fields

    Here, the correct options are A,D. Solution: I got A as answer as ∫ B.dl=µI. But, the answer to the question says that it is a solenoid and therefore Bx=0 for point P. Here I'm a bit confused. I know this system resembles a solenoid in some ways, then By must have some finite value, but...
  5. fisher garry

    Magnetic field inside a solenoid

    I have a problem with the derivation above I dont get how Can someone derive this and illustrate this visually for example by using Figure 2 or using another drawing?
  6. M

    Inductance of a Solenoid

    So the equation is L=μoμrN^2A/l I am wanting to make μr the subject and I think this is how i do it? μr = L*l/μoN^2A However when I type in this equation i am expecting to get about 200 for the relative permeability of iron. However, i am getting like 9x10-3 which is nowhere near 200. For...
  7. patrykh18

    Magnetic field outside a solenoid

    In his book on electrodynamics, Griffith talks about the magnetic field outside a solenoid. Firstly instead of dealing with a typical solenoid with closely wound loops, he instead works with a cylinder with a surface current that has no z-component. To get the angular component of the B-field...
  8. D

    How to find the magnetic field and magnetic force due to a solenoid loop

    I'm not so sure how to begin with this problem. I was thinking of usign superposition. I think that the field on the conductor due to the parallel segments of the coil is zero, since Ampere's Law tells us that the field outside the solenoid is zero, right? For the perpendicular segments, I used...
  9. C

    Plasma in a Solenoid

    ∇p=j×B (eq. 1) K=nI BSolenoid=μnI⇒μK (eq. 2) ∇p=-2p0r/(a2) (eq. 3) Combining these three equations: j=-2p0r/(a2μK) (θ hat direction) Feel like this is too simple and might be missing a step any help would be much appreciated!
  10. Kartoshka123

    Zeeman effect: Experimental Setup and Explanation

    Homework Statement: Hello, I have to explain using numbers the Zeeman effect for hydrogen and the setup needed. I have done some research and if I'm not wrong, then a magnetic field of 1 Tesla is needed. I have no idea how to achieve that using commercially available products and how to even...
  11. T

    Conditions needed for magnetic force on a conductor

  12. T

    Inductance of a Solenoid with a Core inside

    For finding magnetic field ##B##, We see this question like two Solenoids. for the first one, we have ##\int B ds = \mu I## so ##B x_0 = \mu I n x_0 ## so ##B = \mu n I##. For the second one we have ##B = \mu_0 n I##. For the Inductance we have ##L = \mu l n^2 A## so we have ##L_1 = \mu x_0...
  13. K

    Strength of magnetic field at the end of a wire wrapped nail.

    V=I*R 6v=I*(0.6+0.9)ohms I=4amp B=100*(uo)(2N)(I)/L * 1/2 I think since the wire is double wrapped, we multiply the equation by 2, but since we are looking for the magnetic field at the end of the wire we also have to multiply the equation by 1/2 I=4A, uo= 4pi*10^-7 2N/L turns per unit...
  14. B

    Biot Savart Law with Different Magnetic Permeabilities

    I would like to make a program that produces a 2D heat map showing the magnitude of the magnetic field produced by a finite length solenoid. The heat map would show the field strength along the radial and axial directions of the solenoid. I plan to divide the conductor into "infinitessimally"...
  15. marino

    Power generated by a coil rotating in magnetic field

    The problem: a coil of radius r, length l and N turns, rotating with constant angular velocity ω around an axis perpendicular to its simmetric axis and passing for the center of the coil. The coils is submersed in a static magnetic field, intensity B0, perpendicular to the axis of rotation of...
  16. Limddong

    Magnetic field inside a solenoid calculated with Ampere's law

    I think the real magenetic field is sum of the magnetic fields calculated in each cross section of solenoid with various angle and same center axis when i apply Ampere's law. (Imagine the cross section contains a part of center line of the solenoid) Please let me know why we don't do like that. :)
  17. D

    Ratio of Inductance between 2 Solenoids?

    Homework Statement [/B] 1. Two solenoids, A and B, are wound using equal lengths of the same kind of wire. The length of the axis of each solenoid is large compared with its diameter. The axial length of A is twice as large as that of B, and A has twice as many turns as B. What is the...
  18. shahbaznihal

    Total magnetic flux of a solenoid

    There is a solenoid of a certain radius, carrying a certain current. I draw an amperian loop of radius greater than the radius of the solenoid. If I calculate the total flux through this loop it should be, 1) Non zero for an ideal solenoid (where the field outside the core of the solenoid is...
  19. F

    EMF induced in a coil encircling an ideal solenoid

    Homework Statement A current I(t)= (0,160 A s^{-3}) t^3 flows through an ideal solenoid with a turns density n = 9,00 \cdot 10^{-3} m^{-1} and a cross sectional area A_s=2,00\cdot 10^{-4} m^2 A single loop of wire has the same axis as the solenoid, but its radius is larger. That is: the loop...
  20. Alettix

    Magnetic field decay in cylinder coaxial with solenoid

    Homework Statement For a medium of conductivity ##\sigma##: $$ \nabla^2 \vec{B} = \sigma \mu \mu_0 \frac{\partial \vec{B}}{\partial t} + \mu \mu_0 \epsilon \epsilon_0 \frac{\partial^2 \vec{B}}{\partial^2 t} $$ A long solenoid with ##r=b## has n turns per unit length of superconducting wire anc...
  21. Ron Burgundypants

    Altered inductance around a solenoid in a cryostat (from Eddy currents?)

    I'm trying to use a solenoid to measure the magnetocaloric effect of dysprosium. The effect is highest at the Neel temp which is down near 180K. I have a solenoid in a cryostat to get the correct temperature. The cryostat's heat exchanger is made of a thick copper cylinder and I think it is...
  22. B

    Homemade electromagnet, considerations - strength

    I'm making a solenoid electromagnet for gcse demonstration purposes and I'm trying to get a strong:muscle:, clear magnetic effect. I'v wrapped about 100 turns of enamel plated copper wire around a 4" bolt and also a 4" ferrite rod, and am applying 9v DC from a pp3 battery cell. In both cases...
  23. C

    Induced EMF in a coil outside a solenoid

    Homework Statement [/B] A conducting coil of radius R is outside a long solenoid with a cross section of radius r. What is the emf induced in the coil? Most example problems of this type I think are solved based on Faraday’s Law. These examples do not use the distance from the solenoid to the...
  24. Toby_phys

    Energy of a solenoid with a partially removed core

    Homework Statement A solenoid of volume V, current I and n turns per unit length has an LIH core, relative permitivity is \mu_r. This core is then slid out so that a fraction f of the solenoid's length is filled with air/vacuum (and 1-f is filled with the core). Neglecting hysteresis, what...
  25. R

    Magnetic field and Poynting Flux in an Inductor

    Hi everyone, Lately I have been studying the Poynting Flux and I am familiar with the classic examples of how it can be used to describe the power being dissipated by a resistor and the energy flowing into a capacitor, but I have never come across a similar analog for how the Poynting flux...
  26. F

    B What's the relationship between drop height and induced emf?

    In my experiment, I intended to find out how the change in the bar magnet drop height from solenoid affected the emf induced in the solenoid, however, I am unable to come up with an equation that shows a relationship between the two variables. I have thought of Biot-Savart law, but I do not...
  27. M

    Solenoid with current carrying wire inside

    Homework Statement I have a solenoid with a wire carrying current in the center. The wire has a radius of a, the solenoid has a radius of b. I need to find the magnetic field inside of each region. Inside of the wire, mu =/= muo. Homework Equations Wire B field = uo I/2*pi*r Solenoid B field...
  28. A

    Actuating Pencil To Draw Waveforms

    I am looking to make a pencil whose tip moves to create a waveform as you move it across the paper.In essence, I want to be able to record a sound and then play the sound through the pencil whilst I draw with it, of course, I will use software to lower the frequency to make it more of a waveform...
  29. C

    How will the magnetic field change if I rotate the solenoid?

    If I do the x axis rotation for a solenoid, how will the magnetic field change? Would it also rotate along x axis?
  30. abilolado

    I Force on Steel Bar Inside Solenoid

    Hello all. Me and some friends are building a coil cannon, and we've been doing some calculations [I know its unecessary but... well, we're physicists! (well, physics students...)]. But we got stuck. How to calculate the force acting on a steel bar (or some other ferromagnetic material, maybe...