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Magnetic Dipole Moment of an Electron

  1. Mar 29, 2012 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    I am so stuck on this, and would be very thankful for any help!

    a). Calculate the magnetic dipole moment of a single atom, based on the following model: One electron travels at speed 7.40 × 10^6 m/s in a circular orbit of diameter 2 × 10^-10 m.
    b). The individual atomic magnetic dipoles of magnetic materials (such as iron) are preferentially lined up to point in the same direction. If a fraction f of the dipoles are so aligned along the long axis (with the rest oriented randomly so that their magnetic dipole moments add vectorially to zero), what is the net magnetic dipole moment of a piece of such material (as shown in the diagram below); where w = 5.15 cm, h = 7.15 cm, l = 10.0 cm, and f = 0.40? Note, the material may be viewed as an array of cubes, each of which contains one atom, with only the outermost electron being considered, and is 2 × 10^-10 m on a side. Also assume the same speed for electron as in part a.)

    c).What is the torque experienced by the piece of material in a field of 4.30 × 10-3 T, when the magnetic field is directed at right angles to the long axis of the material, as shown in the diagram?


    2. Relevant equations

    M=NIA
    i = Q/t
    v= Δx/Δt
    3. The attempt at a solution

    For part a). Area of the electron: A = π(1x10^-10)^2 = 3.4 x 10^-20
    N = (7.4x10^6)/(2x10^-10) = 3.7 x 10^16
    t = Δx/v => (2x10^-10)/(7.4x10^6) = 2.7 x 10 ^-17
    i = (-1.6x10^-19)/(2.7 x 10 ^-17) =-0.005962
    M = (3.7 x 10^16)(-0.005962)(3.4 x 10^-20)

    The right answer should be 5.93 x 10 ^ -23, but I am doing something very wrong. I would be so thankful for any help.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Mar 29, 2012 #2

    tms

    User Avatar

    First off, your allegedly right answer can't be right because it has no units.

    That aside, I think you should go back and review the physics of what is going on in the problem. I'm not trying to be rude, but you clearly don't understand what the problem is about; your relevant equations aren't relevant at all.

    Here is a hint: the electron is in an orbit. Some force must be keeping it in orbit. The fact that the problem is about magnetic moments might suggest what force. Also, things in orbit have angular momentum.
     
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