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Minimum angle to prevent sliding (Friction & Forces)

  1. Oct 24, 2012 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    Suppose a truck is going up a hill and the maximum acceleration while braking is 9 m/s2. Find the minimum angle of the hill such that the driver can brake at maximum rate without the refrigerator on back slipping. (coefficient of static friction between truck and refrigerator is 0.4 Mass of refrigerator is 150kg)

    2. Relevant equations

    Im using newtons second law and got it down to (force of friction) 588 * cos θ + (force of gravity down the slope) 1470N * sin θ = 1350N (force required to prevent refrigerator from slipping)


    The above formula can be simplified into purely accelerations :
    3.92 * cos θ + 9.8 * sin θ = 9

    3. The attempt at a solution

    I got it about as far as I mentioned in 2. I'm not sure whether I have to use some calculus to solve this but don't know how I'd go about it because I want the minimum angle. This is when the maximum force of static friction and the force down the slope of gravity = force required to prevent it from slipping.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 24, 2012 #2

    haruspex

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    I agree with your equation. You just need a bit of trig to solve it.
    Can you massage it into the form cos(α) sin(θ) + sin(α) cos(θ) = c?
     
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