# Moller scattering polarized cross section

• kontejnjer

## Homework Statement

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(Note: this is not strictly homework, but it is related to one course I'm doing, and I can't find a useful solution anywhere)
Find the analytical expression for the scattering cross section of two longitudinally polarized electrons at tree level.

## Homework Equations

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$\displaystyle d\sigma=\left|\mathcal{M}_{fi}\right|^2\frac{d\Phi}{4I}$
Feynman rules

## The Attempt at a Solution

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There's two diagrams at tree level since the particles are identical: the $t$ channel and the $u$ channel. There is a relative minus sign between the channels due to the fact the particles are identical fermions. The total scattering amplitude is:
$\displaystyle i\mathcal{M}_{fi}=i\mathcal{M}_{fi}^t+i\mathcal{M}_{fi}^u=\frac{e^2}{t}\bar u^{s'}(p_4)\gamma^\mu u^s (p_2) \bar u^{r'} (p_3)\gamma_\mu u^r (p_1)-\frac{e^2}{u}\bar u^{r'}(p_3)\gamma^\mu u^s (p_2) \bar u^{s'} (p_4)\gamma_\mu u^r(p_1)$

Here $t=(p_3-p_1)^2$, $u=(p_4-p_1)^2$ are the Mandelstam variables, $p_1$ and $p_2$ are inital momenta with spins $r$ and $s$ respectively, and final momenta $p_3$ and $p_4$ with spins $r'$ and $s'$ respectively. As the initial electrons are longitudinally polarized, we know their spin states, however we still need to sum over the final spins, so the square of the amplitude is:

$\left|\mathcal{M}_{fi}\right|^2=\sum\limits_{s',r'} \left(|\mathcal{M}_{fi}^t|^2+|\mathcal{M}_{fi}^u|^2-2(\mathcal{M}_{fi}^t)^* \mathcal{M}_{fi}^u\right)$

After some manipulation, and using the identity $\sum\limits_{s}u^s(p)\bar u^s(p)=\gamma\cdot p+m$, we can write down the square of each component as:

$\sum\limits_{s',r'}|\mathcal{M}_{fi}^t|^2=\frac{e^4}{t^2}{Tr}\left[\gamma^\mu u^s(p_2) \bar u^s(p_2)\gamma^\nu (\gamma\cdot{p}_4+m)\right]\cdot {Tr}\left[\gamma_\mu u^r(p_1)\bar u^r (p_1) \gamma_\nu (\gamma\cdot{p}_3+m)\right]\\ \sum\limits_{s',r'}|\mathcal{M}_{fi}^u|^2=\frac{e^4}{u^2}{Tr}\left[\gamma^\mu u^s(p_2) \bar u^s(p_2)\gamma^\nu (\gamma\cdot{p}_3+m)\right]\cdot {Tr}\left[\gamma_\mu u^r(p_1)\bar u^r (p_1) \gamma_\nu (\gamma\cdot{p}_4+m)\right]\\ \sum\limits_{s',r'}(\mathcal{M}_{fi}^t)^* \mathcal{M}_{fi}^u=\frac{e^4}{ut}{Tr} \left[\gamma^\mu u^s(p_2) \bar u^s(p_2)\gamma^\nu(\gamma\cdot{p}_3+m) \gamma_\mu u^r(p_1)\bar u^r (p_1) \gamma_\nu (\gamma\cdot{p}_4+m)\right]$

This is the part that I get stuck on: the initial spins are predefined so I can't just sum over them, and the previously mentioned identity doesn't work in this case, all I know is that the initial spins should be helicity eigenstates. There's a reference paper for this exact topic by Adam M. Bincer - Scattering of longitudinally polarized fermions (DOI: 10.1103/PhysRev.107.1434), but the notation is somewhat outdated and I think it omits some crucial steps.

I know I could just pick a representation and a frame and do the whole trace calculation using some symbolic software, but the end result doesn't give me much qualitative info, what I'd like is to just have a frame-independent square of the scattering amplitude in terms of 4-momenta, so I can just pick any frame (say, COM or lab) and get the analytic result. Any advice or hints would be greatly appreciated.

CAF123