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Moment of inertia and work problem

  1. May 8, 2013 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    A 4.00-m length of light nylon cord is wound around a uniform cylindrical spool of radius 0.500 m and mass 1.00 kg. The spool is mounted on a frictionless axle and is initially at rest. The cord is pulled from the spool with a constant acceleration of magnitude 2.82 m/s2.

    How much work has been done on the spool when it reaches an angular speed of 7.95 rad/s?


    2. Relevant equations

    Angular acceleration = a/r
    Moment of inertia of the cylinder is mr^2

    3. The attempt at a solution

    I solved for tension first: T*0.5 = 1*(0.5)^2*(2.82 / 0.5)=> So T=2.82 N

    Then using kinematic equations I solved for theta:

    Angular acceleration = a/r = 2.82/0.5 = 5.64

    so

    7.95^2 = 2 * 5.64 * theta ==> theta = 5.6

    so work = 2.82 * 5.6 * 0.5 = 7.896 joules
    However webassign says i'm wrong, any help would be greatly appreciated as I spent too much time into this, thanks.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. May 8, 2013 #2

    haruspex

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    That would be for a hollow cylinder. I would assume the spool is solid.
    That's a long way round. Just use the angular KE formula, Iω2/2.
     
  4. May 8, 2013 #3
    It looks like you calculated the polar moment of inertia incorrectly. Recheck your formula. Also, even though your approach should deliver the correct answer, it would be much easier to solve this problem by applying conservation of energy. That way, you wouldn't even have to calculate the tension.
     
  5. May 10, 2013 #4
    Thanks mate, you're right, those formulas always confuse me.
     
  6. May 10, 2013 #5

    haruspex

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    mr2 applies for a point mass at distance r, so that must also be the formula for a hoop about a line orthogonal to the plane of the hoop, and for a hollow thin shell cylinder about its axis. That's because in each of those cases every part part of the body rotates at radius r from the axis. For a solid disc or cylinder, or for a sphere (solid or hollow), or for a hoop rotating about a diameter, it must be less, since no part rotates at distance greater than r but some parts rotate at a shorter distance.
     
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