# Momentum problem : bullet and chair

• bigredd87
In summary, a bullet of 10 grams with a muzzle velocity of 450 meters per second impacts a 30 kg wooden chair 9 centimeters away. The chair moves back 0.57 cm due to the collision and the coefficient of kinetic friction between the chair and the floor is 0.2.
bigredd87
There is a gun in which the barrel length is 62cm and has a muzzle velocity of 450m/s. A wooden chair of 30 kg sits on a wooden floor. A bullet penetrates the chair and the bullet lodges itself into the chair 9 centimeters. How far back, in centimeters, did the chair fly back? The coefficient of kinetic friction between the chair and the floor is 0.2

I'm not really sure how to approach this problem other than trying to use momentum conservation but do I need to find the force of the bullet on the chair to find the acceleration and then use momentum conservation to find the velocity, but i don't think that works. Any direction please?

Seems like a lot of extraneous information was supplied, but not the mass of the bullet. Was that given?

I thought about the KE of the bullet and the work done by the retarding force to stop it after 9cm in the chair. But we can only get ke in terms of m, and the retarding force is very big - so when considering the forces on the chair, friction is insignificant (although this force is still in terms of m, so maybe wouldn't look so big if we knew m).

Hope someone else can help!

im sorry, i left the mass of the bullet out, it is 10 grams

That's key information! Attack it in two parts:
(1) The collision (What's conserved?)
(2) The sliding across the floor (You can find the acceleration, or use energy methods.)

for m1=bullet and m2=chair:

ok, so i do m1v1 + m2v2 (which is 0 since the chair is at rest)=(m1+m2)vf
which gives me 0.15m/s

i can then say that the kinetic friction force is equal to the mass of both the bullet and the chair.

so if friction force is equal to -Fk=mu_k(m1 +m2)g
then the acceleration is equal to -mu_k(m1+m2)g/(m1+m2)
Actually,all of that it equal to -mu_k*g which is -0.2 *9.81 =-1.96m/s^2

so then just use kinematics using vf^2 =v^2 +2ax and that will give me the distance it slid?

(You were right, a lot of extraneous numbers given, i guess they love the trickery!)

Much appreciated.

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This question sounds soo familiar. Is this from the RANDALL KNIGHT textbook: physics for scientists and engineers ?

If yes, I have the solution somewhere..P.S is the full question about you being a physicist lawyer that's trying to prove your client innocent?

yeah it is, i tried to simplify the question as much as possible. I think i got an answer of 0.57cm

Yes, I got that same answer when I tried - and I recognise some of the other values you gave aswell. I dismissed it thinking it was a pathetically small distance for a chair to move when hit by a bullet. But then it is a 30kg chair and I don't know much about bullets...

And I was also worried about the barrel length.

Yes, it was definitely intimidating at first, but once u realize that they don't give u enough information along with the numbers that are already there, then u start to simplify the problem a little.

bigredd87 said:
yeah it is, i tried to simplify the question as much as possible. I think i got an answer of 0.57cm

The answer was 1.3 CM and it was corrected by our teacher.. do you have an e-mail address? I can e-mail you the response work detail if you want.

Yikes - so where's that factor of 2 gone then?

well i put in 0.57 and it was correct, so hopefully my teacher won't see this... what is this factor of 2 discretion?

Chumbaky
Just that the answer thinktank gave is twice what you (and I) came up with - I thought we must have lost a 2 somewhere.

## 1. What is momentum?

Momentum is a physical property that describes the quantity of motion an object has. It is calculated as the product of an object's mass and its velocity.

## 2. How is momentum conserved in a bullet and chair problem?

In a closed system, such as a bullet and chair problem, the total momentum before the event is equal to the total momentum after the event. This means that the momentum of the bullet before it hits the chair is equal to the combined momentum of the bullet and chair after the collision.

## 3. How does the mass of the bullet and chair affect the outcome of the problem?

The mass of the objects involved in the problem affects the magnitude of their momentum. The greater the mass, the greater the momentum. This can impact the outcome of the problem, as a more massive object will have a greater resistance to change in motion.

## 4. What role does velocity play in the momentum problem?

Velocity is a key factor in determining the momentum of an object. In the case of a bullet and chair problem, the velocity of the bullet before and after the collision will impact the change in momentum and ultimately the outcome of the problem.

## 5. How is momentum different from force?

Momentum and force are related but distinct physical quantities. Force is a measure of the interaction between two objects, while momentum is a measure of an object's motion. Force can change an object's momentum, but the two concepts are not interchangeable.

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