The z-component of the spin of an electron is measure and the value h-bar/2 is found. Immediately afterwards, the spin along a direction making an angle θ with the z-axis is measured. What are the possible outcomes of this second measurement and with which probabilities do they arise?
None given, but I am working with the spin operators. The equations I have been dealing with are:
Spin measured about axis n:
n(dot)S = h-bar/2 * [ cosθ, sinθ*exp(i*phi); sinθ*exp(-i*phi), -cosθ] (2x2 matrix)
S|ψ> = h-bar/2 |ψ>
Spin about x,y,z axes:
S_x |ψ> = h-bar/2 [0, 1; -1, 0]
S_y |ψ> = h-bar/2 [0 -i; i, 0]
S_z |ψ> = h-bar/2 [1, 0; 0, -1]
The Attempt at a Solution
So far I've applied the formula for spin about an axis, assuming phi = 0 (since only and angle of θ is mentioned in the description, I assume it is planar), getting
h-bar/2 * [cosθ, sinθ; sinθ, -cosθ]
However, from there, I'm not sure how to reduce this into distinct spin values, and the probabilities of each being chosen. If anyone could help to point me in the right direction here, I would be extremely grateful - thank you!