Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Number and energy of cyclones and anticyclones

  1. Jan 24, 2007 #1
    How many cyclones and anticyclones are there in the northern hemisphere compared to the southern hemisphere, on a typical day of the year.Is the energy of cyclones/anticyclones in the north greater than the energy of the cyclones/anticylones in the south? How do the numbers of cyclones/anticyclones vary over a period of decades?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Apr 19, 2015 #2

    jim hardy

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Gold Member

  4. Apr 19, 2015 #3

    D H

    User Avatar
    Insights Author

    Staff: Mentor

    Some basic rules of thumb:
    • The northern hemisphere gets hammered much harder than does the southern hemisphere.
      The Southern Ocean creates a lot of wind sheer that militates against cyclone formation.
    • The Pacific Ocean gets hammered much harder than do the Atlantic or the Indian Oceans.
      The Pacific is big.
    • The western Pacific Ocean gets hammered hardest of all.
      The Pacific is very, very big.
    Taiwan, Okinawa, southeast Asia: They get hammered, hammered hard, and nowhere else compares. I recently traveled to Okinawa. The buildings there are concrete bunkers. They know how to protect themselves against typhoons.

    Here's a nice image that illustrates things:

    [​IMG]
     
  5. Apr 19, 2015 #4
    Just my guess, but I think the likely reason for why there is on average less intense storm activity in the southern hemisphere, is because there is less land.
    The presence of land greatly influences the flow direction of sea and air currents causing air masses with very different characteristics to often form boundaries,
    Those boundaries, (fronts), are regions where a lot of potential energy is available to be converted into kinetic energy, particularly in the form of convection, which is necessary for the formation of storm systems.
    Also other phenomena such as warm moist air being cooled leads to condensation of water vapour resulting in rain.
     
    Last edited: Apr 19, 2015
Know someone interested in this topic? Share this thread via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook

Have something to add?
Draft saved Draft deleted



Similar Discussions: Number and energy of cyclones and anticyclones
  1. Geothermal energy (Replies: 9)

  2. Clean energy? (Replies: 19)

  3. Extratropical cyclones (Replies: 1)

Loading...