# Orange - Hitting it lying on a surface or hanging free

• Stein
In summary, the amount of damage an orange takes depends on how it is hit. If the orange is hanging, it will likely fly off and sustain less damage. If it is resting on a hard surface, the amount of damage will depend on the angle of impact. If hit vertically, the orange will likely be crushed, while a horizontal hit will result in similar damage to a hanging fruit.
Stein
Hi,

I was wondering under which circumstance does the Orange take the most damage?

If I hit it when it rests on a hard surface or if it is hanging from something free to move with the blow.

Stein said:
Hi,

I was wondering under which circumstance does the Orange take the most damage?

If I hit it when it rests on a hard surface or if it is hanging from something free to move with the blow.
If you hit it while hanging (not too hard), presumably it will come loose and fly off. The damage will depend on how and where it lands.

If you hit it on a hard surface, much depends on the the angle. Assume it is resting on a horizontal surface, if you hit it vertically, you will crush it. If You hit it horizontally, the result will be similar to that for a hanging fruit.

Why are you asking this question?

On the surface it will take more damage, because if it is hanging, some of the energy you put into it will be transferred into translational or possibly (depending on how you hit it) rotational kinetic energy. If it is on the surface, most of the energy will have to be absorbed by the orange itself, deforming it.

## 1. How does the force of hitting an orange while it's lying on a surface compare to hitting it when it's hanging free?

The force of hitting an orange while it's lying on a surface is typically greater than when it's hanging free. This is because when the orange is lying on a surface, the surface absorbs some of the force, resulting in a stronger impact on the orange.

## 2. Why does an orange typically roll away when it's hit while lying on a surface?

When an orange is hit while lying on a surface, the force of the impact causes it to roll away. This is due to the shape of the orange, which is round and has a low center of gravity. The force applied to one side of the orange causes it to rotate and roll away.

## 3. Does the type of surface affect the force of hitting an orange while it's lying on it?

Yes, the type of surface can affect the force of hitting an orange while it's lying on it. A harder surface, such as concrete, will result in a greater force, while a softer surface, like carpet, will absorb more of the force and result in a weaker impact on the orange.

## 4. Can hitting an orange while it's hanging free cause it to change direction?

Yes, hitting an orange while it's hanging free can cause it to change direction. This is due to the conservation of momentum, where the force of the impact causes the orange to move in the opposite direction.

## 5. Is there a difference in the sound produced when hitting an orange while it's lying on a surface versus hanging free?

Yes, there is a difference in the sound produced when hitting an orange while it's lying on a surface versus hanging free. When hitting an orange on a surface, the sound will be louder and more resonant due to the surface absorbing some of the impact force. When hitting an orange hanging free, the sound will be less pronounced and shorter in duration.

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