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Normally, I would just set the mass flow rate and boundary temperatures (T

_{in}and T

_{out}) and use that to calculate the required heat transfer rate (Q) using

Q = mass flow * specific heat capacity * ΔT

then use the Q and the boundary temperatures of the other side to calculate the mass flow rate of the other side.I got lost after realising that the only quantities I can set are the inlet and out let temperatures from the side and the inlet temperature from the hot water source, Since the mass flow of the tank side is solely determined by free convection, I need a way to estimate the product of overall heat transfer coefficient that the temperature difference in the tank can sustain; the temperature difference determines the density differences so I assume it would also determine the buoyancy which determines, in conjunction with the heat capacity, the max heat rate that can be sustained.

thank you