P orbitals and single electron atoms

In summary, the conversation discusses the presence of p orbitals in a hydrogen atom with a single electron. The p orbitals are a result of the electron's interaction with the nucleus and other electrons in the atom. It is mentioned that hydrogen has all the orbitals, but the exact energy values can only be calculated for hydrogen-like atoms. The question of how far an electron can be promoted is also raised, but the answer may vary depending on the energy levels and ionisation energies of the orbitals.
  • #1
Cemre
14
0
Hello,

does hydrogen atom with a single electron have p orbitals?

when the single electron of the hydrogen atom is excited, can it go to the 2p orbital?

are "p orbitals" consequence of electrons interacting with nucleus ( protons ) ?

or are "p orbitals" consequence of electrons interacting with other electrons around the atom nucleus? ( repulsion between electrons )

i made a quick search about this in the forum but I couldn't find anything.

Thanks.

PS: same question for d and f orbitals also.
 
Physics news on Phys.org
  • #2
Yes indeed hydrogen has all the orbitals.

The actual energy values can only be analytically evaluated for what are known as
hydrogen-like atoms (look this term up).

I'm not sure how far an electron can be promoted as some of the higher orbitals are above the ionisation energy of hydrogen. Perhaps you could find this out both orbitals energy levels and ionisation energies are readily available.
 

1. What are P orbitals and how do they differ from other orbitals?

P orbitals are a type of atomic orbital that describes the probability of finding an electron in a certain region of space. They are part of the electron cloud surrounding an atom's nucleus. P orbitals have a dumbbell shape and are oriented along the x, y, and z axes. They differ from other orbitals, such as s and d orbitals, in their shape and orientation.

2. How many electrons can occupy a single P orbital?

A single P orbital can hold a maximum of two electrons. These electrons must have opposite spins, meaning they have different angular momentum orientations.

3. How are P orbitals labeled?

P orbitals are labeled using the letters Px, Py, and Pz, which correspond to the three different axes along which they are oriented.

4. Do all elements have P orbitals?

No, not all elements have P orbitals. P orbitals are only found in elements with atomic numbers greater than 2 (lithium). These elements have electrons in the 2p subshell, which includes three P orbitals.

5. How do single electron atoms behave in relation to P orbitals?

In single electron atoms, the electron occupies the lowest energy P orbital available. This is known as the ground state. As the atom gains energy, the electron may move to higher energy P orbitals. However, P orbitals are not the only factor in determining an atom's behavior. Other factors, such as electron configuration and external influences, also play a role.

Similar threads

  • Quantum Physics
Replies
18
Views
1K
  • Quantum Physics
Replies
6
Views
2K
  • Quantum Physics
Replies
21
Views
1K
  • Quantum Physics
2
Replies
36
Views
1K
Replies
17
Views
2K
  • Quantum Physics
2
Replies
44
Views
2K
Replies
1
Views
653
Replies
22
Views
1K
Replies
3
Views
1K
Replies
7
Views
1K
Back
Top