Position of glider on an air track

  • #1
138
0

Homework Statement


An air-track glider is attached to a spring. The glider is pulled to the right and released from rest at t=0.00 s. It then oscillates with a period of 11.1 s and a maximum speed of 44.7 cm/s. What is the amplitude of the oscillation? (answer A= 7.90e-01 m)
What is the glider's position at t=0.555 s?

Homework Equations



x(t)= Acos ([tex]\omega[/tex]t+[tex]\phi[/tex])

The Attempt at a Solution



so i solved this question already and got it right by assuming that the phase constant to be zero and solving for x. I was wondering if there was another way to solve for the position??
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
nrqed
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
Gold Member
3,764
294

Homework Statement


An air-track glider is attached to a spring. The glider is pulled to the right and released from rest at t=0.00 s. It then oscillates with a period of 11.1 s and a maximum speed of 44.7 cm/s. What is the amplitude of the oscillation? (answer A= 7.90e-01 m)
What is the glider's position at t=0.555 s?

Homework Equations



x(t)= Acos ([tex]\omega[/tex]t+[tex]\phi[/tex])

The Attempt at a Solution



so i solved this question already and got it right by assuming that the phase constant to be zero and solving for x. I was wondering if there was another way to solve for the position??


No, that's the only way to do it.
Do you see why it is correct to set the phase constant equal to zero here?
 
  • #3
138
0
i'm assuming it had to with the fact that when the glider was released it waas not at it's equilibrium point..is that a correct assumption??
 
  • #4
nrqed
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
Gold Member
3,764
294
i'm assuming it had to with the fact that when the glider was released it waas not at it's equilibrium point..is that a correct assumption??

It's part of it but that's not sufficient.
We have to know that it was released from the right of its equilibrim position *and* that it was released with no initial velocity (it was not kicked one way or another). That tells us that it starts with x equal to the maximum amplitude, so x(t) is a pure cosine curve, with no phase constant.

For example, it it had been released from rest but at the left of the equilibrium position, we would have needed to use pi (or -pi) for the phase constant. If it had had an initial velocity, the phase constant wold be some other value.
 
  • #5
138
0
if it was released from rest at the left of the equilibrium how can we determine if it is pi or -pi without any additional information??..and thank you for answering my questions :))
 
  • #6
nrqed
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
Gold Member
3,764
294
if it was released from rest at the left of the equilibrium how can we determine if it is pi or -pi without any additional information??..and thank you for answering my questions :))


You are welcome.

I said pi or -pi because it makes no difference (since a difference of 2pi in the phase constant does not change anything to a cosine function). Any calculation done with pi or -pi would give the same answer.
 
Last edited:
  • #7
138
0
ok thanx :))
 

Related Threads on Position of glider on an air track

  • Last Post
Replies
8
Views
11K
Replies
3
Views
7K
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
3K
Replies
3
Views
4K
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
9K
Replies
18
Views
4K
Replies
8
Views
13K
Replies
14
Views
3K
  • Last Post
Replies
5
Views
1K
  • Last Post
Replies
0
Views
1K
Top