Position of image of an immersed object.. Are books wrong? 1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data In almost every book I checked, the image of an immersed object is always vertically above the object. Is this always the case and is independent on the position you are looking from? 2. Relevant equations n = sin i / sin r 3. The attempt at a solution According to my drawings the image is only VERTICALLY above the object if you look directly from above. I used snell's law to find the angles i and r, and then located the image. I always used 2 rays emerging from the object and was extra careful to mark the angles accurately and pass through the right positions. I also tried to find some flash or java animation that could illustrate this but I couldn't find any. Are the books wrong?