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I have a work requirement to calculate building chilled water use based on known supply temp (deg F), return temp (deg F) and flow (GPM). I would like to know the relative error associated with the energy calculation. Based on the product data for the sensing equipment, I know that the temp sensor have relative error of 1%, and the flow meter has a relative error of 0.5%.

I am struggling to understand how to propagate those errors through my energy equation

E(btu) = (return temp - supply temp)*flow*500.

After browsing the internet, I understand that to propagate absolute error across additions or subtractions, you should square each value, add them, and take the resulting square root. Does this formula also apply for relative error?

As for multiplication and division, I understand that you should use the same formula described above, except each term should be the error/the value. My issue is, I don't have the data yet, so I don't know what the value is yet. cal I simply substitute the relative error in place of the error/value ratio?

Thank you in advance for your thoughts and input.

-McGarey