# Homework Help: Prove : (1+cosA - sinA)/(1+cosA + sinA) = secA - tanA

1. Aug 23, 2010

### equilibrum

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
Prove that
(1+cosA - sinA)/(1+cosA + sinA) = secA - tanA

2. Relevant equations
sin^2A + cos^2A = 1
tanA = sinA/cosA
cotA = cosA/sinA
1 + cot^2A = cosec^2A
tan^2A + 1 = sec^2A
cosecA = 1/sinA
secA = 1/cosA
cotA = 1/tanA
(Only use the above identities to prove the question)

3. The attempt at a solution
I'm stumped at this question. I have attempted various methods using the formulas that I know(stated above)and also trying to work on both sides but to no avail. I understand that by cross multiplying we can easily prove it but the correct way seems to just be by making either the LHS or RHS equal to the other,respectively. Can anyone help?

2. Aug 23, 2010

### hunt_mat

Multiply the LHS by:
$$\frac{1+\cos A-\sin A}{1+\cos A-\sin A}$$
Expand.

3. Aug 23, 2010

### equilibrum

Don't i need to account for the RHS also? Or are we rationalizing like we do for surds?

4. Aug 23, 2010

### hunt_mat

You're multiplying by 1, so you only need to do this for the LHS, expand ans you'll see that things cancel and you end up with the RHS

5. Aug 23, 2010

### equilibrum

I think i went wrong?

I finalized to ,
2+2cosA - 2sinA - 2sinAcosA
----------------------------
1 + 2cosA + cos^2A - sin^2A

Sorry if this is hard to read,i don't know how to use latex. :/

6. Aug 23, 2010

### hunt_mat

You're perfectly correct, you write 1=sin^{2}A+\cos^{2}A in the deominator, does the numorator factor (hint, it does).

Mat

7. Aug 23, 2010

### equilibrum

Do you group the sin and the cos together before factoring? If so,where do we put the troublesome sinAcosA?

i'm really bad at this. I only managed to factor the denominator to cosA(2+2cosA)

8. Aug 23, 2010

### hunt_mat

You're halfway there! Look for the factor (2-2cosA) in the numorator, and then they should cancel.

Mat

9. Aug 23, 2010

### equilibrum

Okay wait i cheated a little by looking at my RHS that i have converted into a fraction and i got it. Thanks alot! the numerator factors into ( 1-sinA) ( 2+2cosA) am i right? :)

10. Aug 23, 2010

### hunt_mat

Well done. You've done it.