1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data (!) Let x, y, u, v be real numbers a.) Prove (xu + yv )^2 <= (x^2 + y^2)(u^2 + v^2) b.) Determine precisely when equality holds in part (a). 2. Relevant equations Looks like the cauchy-stewarts inequality: (a*b)^2 <= a*b 3. The attempt at a solution 0 <= (x^2+y^2)(u^2+v^2) - (xu +yv )^2 0 <= x^2u^2 + x^2v^2 + y^2u^2 + y^2v^2 - (x^2u^2 + 2xuyv + y^2v^2) 0 <= x^2v^2 + y^2u^2 - 2xuyv 0 <= (xv - yu)^2 Any square is always greater than 0. However, I'm relatively new at trying to do proofs and the book's (Mathematical Thinking Problem Solving and Proofs) examples do not use an already established inequality to prove it. They typically start from scratch. Also, this problem set was pretty much the instructor kicking us from the shallow end of a pool into the deep deep end without any floaties. In any case, I'm not sure about how to even approach part B if part a holds. Unless it is, for all real numbers since the square allows for the terms inside to be negative. Sincerely, NastyAccident One confused Mathematics Major.