1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data Let F(x, y, z) be a quadratic form and A its associated matrix. The inertia of A, denoted in(A), is defined as the triple in(A) = (n1, n2, n3) where n1, n2, n3 denotes the number of positive, negative, and zero eigenvalues of A respectively. Prove the following: If in(A) = (3, 0, 0) then the quadratic is an ellipsoid. If in(A) = (2, 0, 1) then the quadratic is an elliptic paraboloid. If in(A) = (2, 1, 0) then the quadratic is a hyperboloid of one sheet. If in(A) = (1, 2, 0) then the quadratic is a hyperboloid of two sheets. If in(A) = (1, 1, 1) then the quadratic is a hyperbolic paraboloid. If in(A) = (1, 0, 2) then the quadratic is a parabolic cylinder. 2. Relevant equations 3. The attempt at a solution I thought that the number of eigenvalues has some direct connection with the defined equations for all of those surfaces. For example, the a, b, and c constants are all positive in the equation of an ellipsoid, so its inertia is (3, 0, 0). But, then what about, for example, the elliptic paraboloid? It's equation is z = x^2/a^2 + y^2/b^2 so it should have 2 positive eigenvalues. Where does the one negative come from? I am having trouble picturing the connection between eigenvalues and these surfaces.