# Quadratic inequality involving Modulus Function

1. Jan 18, 2015

### LiHJ

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
Dear Mentors and PF helpers,

I saw this question on a book but couldn't understand one part of it.

Here the question:
Solve the following inequality
I copied the solution as below

2. Relevant equations

3. The attempt at a solution
I don't understand why the numerator in step (1) can become 1 in step (2).
Can someone explain the concept behind.

2. Jan 18, 2015

### ehild

The numerator at 1) is (x-1)2, EdiT: (x-1)2 + 1, it can not be negative. You can divide by it, and the inequality holds.

Last edited: Jan 18, 2015
3. Jan 18, 2015

### PWiz

I don't think $x^2 -2x +2$ factorizes to $(x-1)^2$ , and since the discriminant of the numerator in step 1 is negative, there will be no real solution to it. Hence, the numerator can be taken out of the equation by cross multiplication, and this leads to step 2. (I think so)

4. Jan 18, 2015

### ehild

You are right, I made a mistake when typing in. The numerator is (x-1)2+1, can not be negative.
If the numerator could not be zero, (had no roots) it could be entire negative. Dividing by it would change the inequality then . 2) follows from 1) only when the numerator is always positive.

5. Jan 18, 2015

### PWiz

Just curious - is step 4) unnecessary? Can step 3 not be simplified to $x^2-2 |x|$ < 0 (Since 1/a can never be equal to 0)?

6. Jan 18, 2015

### ehild

You are right . From $\frac {1}{x^2-|x|}<0$ (equality is not allowed) x^2-|x|<0 follows. Step 4) is not needed. So |x|(|x|-2)<0 --> |x|<2.

7. Jan 19, 2015

### LiHJ

Dear ehild and PWiz,

I have corrected it.

There's one more thing that I need clarification is that on ehild 2nd post, states that if the numerator could not be zero, it coluld be entire negative.

What this means.
I know that if we multiply or divide negatives, the sign of inequality would change.

8. Jan 19, 2015

### ehild

The numerator is always positive. So we need to drop the equality.

You can not divide a non-zero number by zero, so the denominator can not be zero, either.

You can divide the inequality by the positive numerator, so the inequality simplifies to the form 1/A<0. Step 4) is not necessary. You know that 1/A is negative only when A is negative. But you may do 4), it is correct. And the whole solution is correct, but |x|<0 is impossible,so exlude x=0 from he solution.

When I said that if the numerator can not be zero, it can be either entirely positive or entirely negative, it was answer to PWiz.

Last edited: Jan 20, 2015
9. Jan 19, 2015

### PWiz

As ehild has correctly pointed out, if the left side of the equation cannot equal 0, then the inequality can be simplified to being less than 0 as you've done is step 3(the expression on the LHS is -ve). For step 5, you can avoid the inequality |x|<0 by dividing both sides by |x| right at the beginning of step 5, and the inequality will be preserved (since |x| is always positive). So you get |x|-2 <0 (only), and then you can get the proper solution, just as how you've done in the last step.

Last edited: Jan 19, 2015
10. Jan 20, 2015

### ehild

X=0 has to be excluded from the solution.

11. Jan 20, 2015

### LiHJ

Thank you ehild and PWiz,

Now I changed the question the other way round, it has to be less than or equal to zero.

12. Jan 21, 2015

### ehild

A product of two factors can be positive only when either both factors are positive or both of them are negative. One of the factors is |x|. It is never negative, so the other factor |x|-2 is also positive.