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## Main Question or Discussion Point

A beaker with 135 mL of an acetic acid buffer with a pH of 5.00 is sitting on a benchtop. The total molarity of acid and conjugate base in this buffer is 0.1 M. A student adds 7.80 mL of a 0.400 M solution to the beaker. How much will the pH change? The pKa of acetic acid is 4.76.

What I did was find the total number of moles of acid + base = 0.0135. Then using the Henderson-Hasselbach equation, pH = pKa + log([base]/[acid]) I found the ratio of [base]/[acid] to be 1.74. Then using these two equations I found the moles of acid to be 4.93*10^-3 and base = 5.45*10^-3. Next I found the moles of HCl = 0.00312 mol and substracted that from the base and added it to the acid so: acid = 8.05*10^-3 and base = 5.45*10^-3. Now I put these values into pH = pKa + log([base]/[acid]) and got the pH to be 4.59...therefore the change would be -0.40...But I think this value is too high...I think it's supposed to be lower. Can anyone tell me where I went wrong? Any help is appreciated.

What I did was find the total number of moles of acid + base = 0.0135. Then using the Henderson-Hasselbach equation, pH = pKa + log([base]/[acid]) I found the ratio of [base]/[acid] to be 1.74. Then using these two equations I found the moles of acid to be 4.93*10^-3 and base = 5.45*10^-3. Next I found the moles of HCl = 0.00312 mol and substracted that from the base and added it to the acid so: acid = 8.05*10^-3 and base = 5.45*10^-3. Now I put these values into pH = pKa + log([base]/[acid]) and got the pH to be 4.59...therefore the change would be -0.40...But I think this value is too high...I think it's supposed to be lower. Can anyone tell me where I went wrong? Any help is appreciated.