Questions on Enzyme Biology Lab: Results & Conclusions

In summary: The blue dye in both test tubes is the same, it's just the one in test tube#2 turned clear while the one in test tube#3 was partially discoloured. The blue dye is most likely the indicator for the succinic dehydrogenase enzyme. Without knowing what it is, it's difficult to provide any helpful advice.
  • #1
BayernBlues
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I originally posted this in the homework help section but I didn't get a response so I'm going to post it here. Please don't remove it if you are a moderator because I need this answered as soon as possible and I don't think I was going to get an answer from the homework help section.

Homework Statement


I’m currently working on a biology lab involving enzymes. Here is some of the information concerning the lab: One of the enzymes necessary in the respiratory cycle, in which fuel molecules are ultimately reduced to carbon dioxide and water, is succinic dehydrogenase. Its specific job is to remove hydrogen from a chemical donor. Ultimately, hydrogen is transported to the acceptor molecule, oxygen.
In the lab, three test tubes were filled with 20 mL of solution. Here are the materials in two of the test tubes:
#2- 5 mL of 0.1 M sodium succinate solution;3.5 mL water; 10 mL yeast suspension; and 1.5 mL sodium iodoacetate plus 1.5 mL blue dye
#3- 5 mL sodium succinate solution, 2.0 mL water; 10 mL yeast suspension; and 1.5 mL sodium iodoacetate, plus 1.5 mL blue dye
Pretty much, after two days, test tube#2 was almost completely discoloured and turned into a clear colour while test tube#3 was only partially discoloured.
Anyways, here are my questions concerning the lab:
1.) What effect would iodoacetate have on the lifespan of any living cell? Explain your answer?
2.) What purpose did iodoacetate serve in this experiment?
3.) How does one explain the partial decolouration of test tube#3 (in which iodoacetate was present)
4.) What factor will determine how long this partial decolouration can be maintained before tube#3 stays blue as it will at the end of the experiment?

Also what conclusions can be drawn based on these results and observations?
I’d really appreciate any help since most of my friends and class are lost about this lab.


Here's what I've done so far to the above questions but am not sure if it's right:
1.)The effect of iodoacetate will decrease the life span of any living organism such as yeast cells. Iodoacetate can affect the semi-permeable membrane of a cell by causing the cell to swell up or shrink. It can also be a metabolic inhibitor. The yeast cells in test tube#3 of this experiment died because of the presence of sodium iodoacetate.
2.)The presence of sodium iodoacetate helps prove that yeast cells are responsible for allowing sodium succinate to produce water. The sodium iodoacetate in test tube#3 prevented all of the yeast cells present in the test tube to be reduced with sodium succinate to water. This is proven by the lack of discolouration in test tube#3 compared to the high amount of test tube#2 which did not contain sodium iodoacetate. This proves that a chemical such as sodium iodoacetate can interfere with an enzyme such as succinic dehydrogenase.
3.)The iodoacetate prevented all of the fuel cells from being reduced to water because of its harmful effects on living cells such as yeast cells. Full instead of partial discolouration could occur in test tube#2 because of the absence of iodoacetate. Iodoacetate may also effect the pH of the solution by acting as a buffer and preventing the solution from being a clear colour. It could also denature enzymes which consist of protein.
4.)The amount of yeast cells compared to the volume of the iodoacetate present will dictate the amount of discolouration which occurs in test tube#3. The higher the amount of yeast cells and the lower the amount of iodoacetate, the longer the discolouration occurs.
 
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  • #2
You haven't provided enough information for anyone to help you. What was the "blue dye?" If the tubes are turning clear, it must be an indicator of some sort, but you haven't told us for what, and by just calling it a "blue dye" we wouldn't know from the name of it either. Also, why did you leave out the contents and results of tube #1? Was that a control tube that did not have iodoacetate? How can anyone help you interpret your findings without a control?

The only difference described between tubes #2 and #3 is the amount of water added. Is that really correct? That would make the total volume in the tube different, but you still have the same amounts of succinate and iodoacetate. Please check those details.
 
  • #3



I would like to provide a response to your questions on the enzyme biology lab. Firstly, I would like to commend you for your efforts in trying to understand the experiment and coming up with possible explanations for the results. It shows that you are actively thinking and analyzing the data, which is an important skill in science.

To answer your first question, the effect of iodoacetate on the lifespan of living cells is dependent on the concentration and exposure time. Iodoacetate is a metabolic inhibitor, meaning it can interfere with the normal metabolic processes of cells. This can result in cell death if the concentration and exposure time are high enough. In this experiment, the presence of iodoacetate in test tube #3 likely caused the death of yeast cells, leading to the partial decolouration.

Moving on to your second question, the purpose of iodoacetate in this experiment was to act as a control. A control is necessary in any experiment to compare the results with the experimental group. In this case, test tube #2 served as the experimental group, while test tube #3 served as the control. By comparing the results of both tubes, we can determine the effect of iodoacetate on the reaction.

For your third question, the partial decolouration of test tube #3 can be explained by the presence of a lower concentration of iodoacetate compared to test tube #2. This lower concentration may not have been enough to completely inhibit the yeast cells, resulting in only partial decolouration. Additionally, as you mentioned, iodoacetate can also act as a buffer and prevent the solution from becoming completely clear.

Lastly, the factor that will determine how long the partial decolouration can be maintained before test tube #3 stays blue is the amount of iodoacetate present. As the concentration of iodoacetate decreases, the reaction will eventually reach a point where it is no longer inhibited and the solution will turn completely clear.

Based on these results and observations, we can conclude that iodoacetate has an inhibitory effect on the enzyme succinic dehydrogenase, which is responsible for the reduction of sodium succinate to water. The absence of iodoacetate in test tube #2 allowed for the full reduction of sodium succinate, resulting in a clear solution. This experiment also shows the importance of controls in experiments and how varying concentrations of a substance can affect the outcome of a reaction
 

Related to Questions on Enzyme Biology Lab: Results & Conclusions

1. What are enzymes and why are they important in biological processes?

Enzymes are proteins that act as catalysts in biochemical reactions, meaning they speed up the rate of these reactions without being consumed themselves. They are important because they help regulate and control the thousands of chemical reactions that occur within living organisms, making life processes possible.

2. How was the enzyme activity measured in the lab?

The enzyme activity was measured by quantifying the amount of product produced in a given time period. In this lab, we measured the amount of hydrogen peroxide broken down by the enzyme catalase, which produced oxygen gas as a byproduct. The amount of oxygen gas was then measured using a gas pressure sensor.

3. What factors can affect enzyme activity?

Enzyme activity can be affected by a variety of factors, including temperature, pH, substrate concentration, and enzyme concentration. These factors can alter the shape of the enzyme or the substrate, affecting the enzyme's ability to bind to the substrate and catalyze the reaction.

4. What conclusions can be drawn from the results of this lab?

The results of this lab indicate that enzyme activity is highly dependent on the conditions in which the reaction takes place. The rate of enzyme activity increased with increasing enzyme concentration and temperature, but was inhibited at extreme pH levels. This highlights the importance of maintaining optimal conditions for enzyme function in biological processes.

5. How can the findings of this lab be applied to real-world situations?

The findings of this lab can be applied to various real-world situations, such as in the production of food and medicine, as well as in understanding and treating diseases. By studying the factors that affect enzyme activity, we can optimize conditions for industrial processes and develop treatments for enzyme-related disorders.

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