- #1

rpullo

- 15

- 0

## Homework Statement

Santa Claus and his wife place a 10 m long ladder against a wall (which is vertical). Santa Claus climbs to the top while Mrs. Claus steadies the bottom. However, Mrs. Claus left because she had to give birth, so the ladder began to slip. The ladder kept in contact w/ the wall and the floor (which are perpendicular to each other). At one instance, the angle of the ladder was 60

^{o}, and the top end was sliding down the wall w/ a speed of 2 m/s. Calculate the speed of the bottom.

## Homework Equations

x

^{2}+ y

^{2}= 10

^{2}

## The Attempt at a Solution

i.Length from the top of the ladder to the ground (which I will represent as "y"):

y = 10 sin60 = 8.66 m

ii.Length from the base of the ladder to the wall (which I will represent as "x"):

x = 10 cos60 = 5 m

iii.Differentiate both sides of the equation 'x

^{2}+ y

^{2}= 10

^{2}' w.r.t. t:

(2x)dx/dt + (2y)dy/dt = 0

iv.Isolate for dx/dt:

dx/dt = (-x/y)*dx/dt

v.When x = 5, y = 8.66, dy/dt = 2.

Therefore...

dx/dt = (-5/8.66)*2 = 1.15 m/s

I was just wondering if anyone could verify my steps and make sure it is done correctly. Thanks!