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Simple Harmonic Motion Archimedes

  1. Aug 26, 2009 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    A body of uniform cross-sectional area A and mass density ρ floats in a liquid
    of density ρ0 (where ρ < ρ0), and at equilibrium displaces a volume V.
    Making use of Archimedes principle (that the buoyancy force acting on a
    partially submerged body is equal to the mass of the displaced liquid),

    show that the period of small amplitude oscillations about the equilibrium position is

    T = 2(pi)[tex]\sqrt{V/(gA)}[/tex]

    2. Relevant equations

    fnet = mg - p0*V*g


    3. The attempt at a solution

    Ok, I wanted to set up a differential equation.

    ma + p0*V*g - mg = 0

    or

    m * x'' + p0*V*g - mg = 0

    however, I know this not to be the right equation because I'm missing an "x" term to make this solvable.

    so then I went another way

    ma = g(m-p0V)
    a = g - p0*V/m

    but a = -(z)*w^2 ; z = amplitude

    and

    p0*V/m = 1
    ---------------------

    -(z)*w^2 = g - 1

    (z)*w^2 = 1 - g

    w^2 = (1-g)/z

    w = [tex]\sqrt{(1-g)/z}[/tex]

    and then T = 2(pi) / w

    but this isn't the right answer :(
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Aug 26, 2009 #2

    kuruman

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    Homework Helper
    Gold Member

    When the floating object is in equilibrium, the buoyant force equals the weight and Fnet = 0. Now push the object in by amount y. There will be an unbalanced force because of the extra buoyant force and the net force is this extra force. That's the left side of Newton's Second Law. Can you find an expression for it? As usual the right side is ma or m d2y / dt2.
     
  4. Aug 26, 2009 #3
    Ah ok, I drew a picture - and I got that the buoyant force = A*y*g*m where A*y represents the volume of water being displaced when I push the mass a distance y from equilibrium and mg normalizes this to be the weight of that section of the block

    So my diff eq:

    m * y'' + A*g*m*y = 0

    y'' + A*g*y = 0

    Solving I get w = (A*g)^1/2

    Period = 2(pi)/w

    Period = 2(pi) [tex]\sqrt{1/(A*g)}[/tex]

    I'm still off by a little, I don't understand how the answer has volume and I'm left with 1
     
    Last edited: Aug 26, 2009
  5. Aug 26, 2009 #4

    kuruman

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    Homework Helper
    Gold Member

    Look at your diff. eq. It is dimensionally incorrect. The first term m*y'' is a force and that's OK, but the other term has mg (already a force) multiplying A*y which is a volume. What does Archimedes' principle say about the buoyant force?
     
  6. Sep 4, 2009 #5
    I'm still having difficulty with this problem. Archimedes' principle says that the buoyant force is equivalent to the weight of the liquid displaced.

    But I'm having trouble mathematically describing what the weight of the liquid displaced is.

    I understand it's the weight of the block which is burrowing into the water and thus making the displacement.

    So I take it I assume the displaced liquid is directly proportional to the weight of the block.

    m * x'' = F buoyant

    I just can't figure out the correct equation. Any hints ??
     
  7. Sep 8, 2009 #6
    I'm doing this same problem, and am currently stuck looking at the following:

    mx'' + ρ0*(V+A*x) - mg

    I'm really stuck on this one, and I'm not quite sure why. I think that it might just be because I haven't done physics since May...
     
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