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I Simple suction air filter: items and preventing implosion

  1. Dec 23, 2016 #1

    r19

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    I want to make a simple air filter(for dust and air pollution) but was a bit confused about some stuff. Basically I've decided to use an exhaust fan to create a vacuum in a sealed box and the air to come in through the filters. Box fans aren't available here, so that can't be used. I want to create a 'CADR' of 250(CFM is not accurate benchmark of purifier performance, since air might repeat through the system). Such filters are available here for 150$, so though this will not save much money(time) for me it could be helpful for other people here. Total cost would be 40$.

    >I'm thinking of going with a 40db 8in 1400rpm fan, 450CFM. I've used this to get an idea of relationship between CFM and CADR - http://www.theairpurifiers.com/air-purifier-performance.html . A 6in 250CFM fan might be fine but not sure
    >Do I really need HEPA / Carbon filters? They cost 15$ here, and since simple cloth might filter 50%, but isn't it the same if the air moves twice through it, and air will move faster though it anyway. Or does the 99.5% figure mean it filters 99.5% types of particles - don't think so
    >One thing I'm afraid of is an implosion if pressure gets too low in the box, it could be a hazard. I'm thinking of making a hole and covering it with a plastic film so it pops before
    >Does anyone know of some harmless coating or something that could make wood not air porous, so that I could use wood <1in? I was first thinking of using cardboard instead of wood first and maybe taping it, but that could catch fire

    Keep in mind that I don't have that much knowledge or DIY experience. Just posted here since I though people here would have a good idea.

    Thanks
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Dec 23, 2016 #2

    anorlunda

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    Science Advisor
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    :welcome:
    You haven't said anything about your filtering requirements. Do you want to filter out the smell of smoke? Biohazards? Insects?
     
    Last edited: Dec 24, 2016
  4. Dec 24, 2016 #3

    r19

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    I want to filter out dust, PM 2.5 and PM 10 pollutions. Filtering odors would be nice too, but I think a carbon filter would be necessary for that and that costs another 15$ here.
     
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