# SinA + sinB + sinC <= (3 x 3^0.5 )/2

1. May 15, 2008

### lizzie

sinA + sinB + sinC <= (3 x 3^0.5 )/2
how do we prove it?
A,B,C are angles of a triangle.
thanks for any help.

2. May 15, 2008

### Kurret

3. May 15, 2008

### lizzie

sorry kurret i am still unable to prove it

4. May 15, 2008

### Kurret

A function is convex (or concace up) if its second derivative is greater than zero. For the full definition of convexity see http://mathworld.wolfram.com/ConvexFunction.html.
Jensens inequality states that the arithmetic mean of a convex function is greater or equal than the function of the arithmetic mean, ie:
$$\frac{f(x_1)+f(x_2)+...+f(x_n)}{n} \geq f(\frac{x_1+x_2+...+x_n}{n})$$
For concave functions the inequality is reversed. So consider the function sinx, and show that sinx is concave. After that, set up jensens inequality and use that the sum of the angles in a triangle is pi.

Last edited: May 15, 2008
5. May 15, 2008

### Kurret

Alternative solution:
Rewrite C as pi-A-B, then Sin(C)=Sin(A+B). Now assume that B is any value between 0 and pi, and you can make the LHS a function of A, and find its minimum value. Maybe easier, but I think jensens inequality is really powerful and its really a good idea to learn to master it :)

6. May 15, 2008

### gunch

sin x is concave, and for concave functions Jensen's inequality is reversed giving:
$$\frac{f(x_1) + f(x_2) + \ldots + f(x_n)}{n} \leq f\left(\frac{x_1+x_2+...+x_n}{n}\right)$$

7. May 15, 2008

### Kurret

Asch, sorry, forgot how the original inequality looked like . Thanks!