• Support PF! Buy your school textbooks, materials and every day products Here!

Single slits involving one source of monochromatic light!

  • Thread starter alicia113
  • Start date
  • #1
103
0
1. Homework Statement

Two different single slits are used in an experiment involving one source of monochromatic light. With slit 1 in place, the first dark fringe is observed at an angle of 45 degrees. With slit 2, the first dark fringe is observed at an angle of 55 degrees.

a)Which slit is widest? Why?
b)What is the ratio of the largest slit width to smallest?


2. Homework Equations

Sin Theta = lambda/w


3. The Attempt at a Solution

a) Slit 1 would be the widest slit. This is because the first dark fringe is observed at less of an angle than slit 2. Therefore, the number of pairs of rays that destructively interfere are increased which causes the maxima to decrease.

b)Let Lambda = 720 x 10 e-9 m for both cases

Given: Theta(1) = 45 degrees
Theta(2) = 55 degrees

Slit 1: Sin Theta = Lambda/w
Therefore, Sin 45 degrees = 720 x 10 e-9 m/w
w = 720 x 10 e-9 m/Sin 45 degrees
=1.03 x 10 e-6

Slit 2: Sin Theta = Lambda/w
Therefore, Sin 55 degrees = 720 x 10 e-9 m/w
w = 720 x 10 e-9 m/Sin 55 degrees
=8.8 x 10 e-7 m

For Ratio: 1.03 x 10 e-6 m/8.8 x 10 e-7 m
=1.17

Therefore, the ratio of the largest slit width to the smallest is approximately 1.17:1


I've been having some difficulties with these Nature of light problems and I was wondering if I'm going about them the right way. Can anybody help me?...Please?
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
TSny
Homework Helper
Gold Member
12,490
2,917
Looks good! But note that there's no need to assume a value for lambda. Set up the ratio in symbols and simplify before substituting numbers.
 

Related Threads on Single slits involving one source of monochromatic light!

Replies
4
Views
4K
Replies
2
Views
2K
Replies
2
Views
3K
Replies
1
Views
1K
Replies
3
Views
562
Replies
1
Views
626
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
5K
Replies
1
Views
2K
Replies
2
Views
3K
  • Last Post
Replies
15
Views
8K
Top