Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Solve sin(y/2) = y/4

  1. Dec 30, 2009 #1
    Please show the steps
  2. jcsd
  3. Dec 30, 2009 #2


    User Avatar
    Science Advisor

    There is no "algebraic" way to solve that equation. (There are, in fact, three distinct solutions. Here's one for free: x= 0!)

    Simplest way: graph y= sin(x/2) and graph y= x/4 on the same coordinates. The solution is the x coordinate of the points where the two graphs cross. On my TI85 calculator, that's quick and simple. It even lets me "zoom" in on a point of intersection.

    Almost as simple but tedious is 'bisection": going by steps of 1, I see that sin(3/2)= .997 and 3/4= .75 so sin(x/2) is larger. But sin(4/2)= .909 while 4/4= 1 so now x/4 is larger. Since sin(x/2) and x/4 are continuous functions, that means that they must be equal somewhere between 3 and 4. We don't know where so 1/2 way between is as good as any: sin(3.5/2)= .984 and 3.5/4= .875. sin(x/2) is larger there so they must be equal somewhere between 3.5 and 4. Half way between again is 3.75. sin(3.75/2)= .984 and 3.75/4= .934. sin(x/2) is still larger so we try half way between 3.75 and 4, 3.875. sin(3.875/2)= .9335 (I added an addtional decimal place because these are all the same to 3 places) and 3.875/4= .9687. Now x/4 is larger so there must be a solution between 3.75 (the last value at which sin(x/2) was larger) and 3.875. Half way between them is 3.8125. Continue this until you have the desired accuracy. Once you get that root, it should be obvious what the third solution is.
  4. Dec 30, 2009 #3
    I'm sure you could try the half-angle formula and then solve algebraically from there. I'm not sure if it would work out though.
Share this great discussion with others via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook