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Solving a Linear Piecewise ODE

  1. Sep 4, 2012 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    Solve the piecewise linear ODE, y' - y = f(x), y(0) = 1, where
    f(x) = 1 when 0<=x<=1 and f(x) = -1 when x > 1.

    y(2) = ?

    2. Relevant equations
    None


    3. The attempt at a solution
    I found the integrating factor to be e^-x and multiplied both sides of the equation by the integrating factor.

    I rewrote the equation as the d/dx(e^-x * y) = e^-x * f(x). I integrated both sides to get e^-x * y = -e^-x * f(x) + C.

    Solving for y, I got y = -f(x) + C/e^-x. Using the initial value y(0)=1, I managed to find C as +2. Solving for y(2) there onwards, I obtained an answer of 15.7781, which was said to be the wrong answer. I am not sure where I went wrong!


    I would appreciate any help on solving this problem using the "5 Steps Method" aka the basic method for solving an inhomogeneous linear DE.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Sep 4, 2012 #2
    You have two different differential equations. Try solving first in the range 0<x<1 for y(1) and then use this as an initial condition for the second equation to find y(2).
     
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