Solving a Power Screw Question - Get Help Here

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In summary, the conversation involved discussing a solution in a Design text. The solution involved a machine missing thrust bearings and the potential for galling of the upper channel web material during a compression test. One person asked for clarification on where the tensile specimen should be placed, to which it was confirmed that it goes where the "B" dimension is. The other person expressed confusion about the poorly written explanation in the text and shared their own answer before reading the solution.
  • #1
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I was reading through some examples in my Design text when I came across this one.
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This was their solution:

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I am not sure that I completely follow it. Can someone help shed some light on what's going on here?

I am assuming that the specimen to be put under tension goes where the "B" dimension is right?
 
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Yes, the tensile specimen goes where the B dimension is. Both screws must have the same hand. My impression is, their explanation is very poorly written. Here is the answer I arrived at before reading their solution. The machine is missing thrust bearings at the top of the screws. Therefore, the machine should not be used for a compression test, because galling of the upper channel web material might occur. Plus, the diagram shows only a small-diameter shank inside the upper channel.
 

What is a power screw and why is it important in science?

A power screw is a type of simple machine that consists of a threaded shaft and a nut. It is important in science because it allows for the conversion of rotational motion into linear motion, making it useful in various applications such as lifting heavy objects or moving materials.

What is the formula for calculating the mechanical advantage of a power screw?

The formula for calculating the mechanical advantage of a power screw is MA = (pi * D) / p, where MA is the mechanical advantage, D is the pitch diameter of the screw, and p is the pitch of the screw.

How do you determine the direction of the force applied to the power screw?

The direction of the force applied to the power screw can be determined by the direction of the rotation of the screw. If the screw is rotated clockwise, the force is applied in the direction of the thread, and if the screw is rotated counterclockwise, the force is applied in the opposite direction of the thread.

What are the factors that affect the efficiency of a power screw?

The efficiency of a power screw can be affected by factors such as friction between the screw and the nut, the angle of thread, the pitch of the screw, and the material and condition of the screw and nut.

How can I solve a power screw question if I am unsure of the variables and values?

If you are unsure of the variables and values in a power screw question, you can start by identifying the given information and using the appropriate formula to solve for the unknown variable. It may also be helpful to draw a diagram or use a physical model to better understand the problem.

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