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Spherical vectors and rotation of axes

  1. Jan 2, 2016 #1
    I have a velocity vector as a function of a latitude and longitude on the surface of a sphere. Let us assume I have a point V(lambda, phi) where V is the velocity. The north pole of this sphere is rotated and I have a new north pole and I have a point V'(lambda, phi) in the new system. I have the transformation matrix between the unrotated system and rotated system in terms of a position defined in terms of lambda and phi.
    Rather than just multiplying the rotation matrix by this transformation matrix I must differentiate the components of the transformation matrix with respect to time and multiply that result by the column vector containing the velocities. Is that correct ?
  2. jcsd
  3. Jan 3, 2016 #2


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    What does this mean:
    Are you just wanting to find the coordinates of the velocity vector in a new spherical coordinate system that arises from a rotation of the axes of the original spherical coordinate system around a line through the origin of the original system?
  4. Jan 3, 2016 #3
    Yes exactly.

    I have velocities in the unrotated frame with respect to a geographical north pole of the earth. I have also been given the position of a point in the unrotated frame as well the origin of the rotated north pole.

    I have defined theta the rotation angle in terms of the coordinates of a position in the unrotated frame and rotated frame using law of cosines/sines. Now all I need to do is construct the rotation matrix and multiply the velocities ?
    Last edited: Jan 3, 2016
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