# rotation Definition and Topics - 226 Discussions

A rotation is a circular movement of an object around a center (or point) of rotation. The geometric plane along which the rotation occurs is called the rotation plane, and the imaginary line extending from the center and perpendicular to the rotation plane is called the rotation axis ( AK-seez). A three-dimensional object can always be rotated about an infinite number of rotation axes.
If the rotation axis passes internally through the body's own center of mass, then the body is said to be autorotating or spinning, and the surface intersection of the axis can be called a pole. A rotation around a completely external axis, e.g. the planet Earth around the Sun, is called revolving or orbiting, typically when it is produced by gravity, and the ends of the rotation axis can be called the orbital poles.

View More On Wikipedia.org
1. ### Mass m sliding without friction inside a rotating tube

1) To be in equilibrium, it must be $$\begin{cases}F_{centr}-T=0\\ T-mg=0\end{cases}\Rightarrow F_{centr}=T=mg\Rightarrow m\omega^2 R_0=mg\Rightarrow R_0=\frac{g}{\omega^2}$$ 2) It is intuitive that this equilibrium is unstable but I don't know how to formally prove this. 3) In ##R_0## the...
2. ### How long does it take for the disk to stop rotating?

Question : Solution attempt : for
3. ### How would one estimate the rotation period of a star from its spectrum

The figure is shown; the measurements were taken on two consecutive observing nights. The Ordinate is the flux normalized to continuum and the abscissa is the wavelength scale. You can see the "bumps" indicated by the arrows referring to some Starspot as the spot moves on the profile; assuming a...
4. ### Find the frictional force acting on a solid cylinder

This was the answer key provided: My questions are the following: if the force required for rotational equilibrium is more than the limiting static friction, then the body will rotate aka slip over the surface. When it slips, the frictional force will be kinetic and not static, right? If I...
5. ### Conservation of energy in rotating bodies

The conservation of energy equation is basically GPE is converted to KE of block and KE of cylinder. To get the correct answer, the KE of the cylinder is 1/2mv^2, where m is its mass and v is the velocity of its COM (which is the centre of cylinder). However, I viewed the cylinder as rotating...
6. ### Two rotating coaxial drums and sand transfering between them (Kleppner)

The solution is simple by noting that the total angular momentum of the system is constant. (Though I overlooked this) Instead, I went ahead analyzing the individual angular momentum of both drums. Let ##L_a## and ##L_b## be the angular momentum respectively. ##M_a##, ##M_b## be the...

21. ### Can you feel planet rotation?

It's often said that you don't feel earth rotation because the gravity acts against the centrifugal force. Of course this is true but also your body is turned around once each 24 hours. So I wonder on a planet which is rotating once each 3 seconds and has same g=9,81: Would you feel the rotation?
22. ### An isolated object can rotate only about its center of mass

I was talking to someone about the equilibrium of fluids and we reached at some stage where we had to prove that in an external field the translational forces add to zero along with moments (torques) should also add to zero. The first one was quite easy but during the discussion of second...
23. ### About the Moment of Inertia

Hello, I am a computer science major and Ex-Biology grad student, my knowledge in physics is humble, but I got a little curious when my professor derived the expressions of moment of inertia for different objects. The moment of Inertia of a thin disk is 1/2MR2, but it is the same as the moment...

25. ### Rotation and spring force exercise

Summary:: Calculating the inclination angle A stick is on two springs with spring constants D1=500N/m and D2=300N/m. Consider the stick is without mass and can rotate around the point E, which is distant from spring 1 with 0,1m and from spring 2 with 0,8m. A force F=100N pulls the stick up...
26. ### Invariance of a spin singlet under rotation

I have tried doing the obvious thing and multiplied the vectors and matrices, but I don't see a way to rearrange my result to resemble the initial state again: ##(\mathcal{D_{1y}(\alpha)} \otimes \mathcal{D_{2y}(\alpha)} )|\text{singlet}\rangle = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}\left[ \begin{pmatrix}...
27. ### Translational and rotational velocity

For a cylinder rolling down an inclined plane, does the tangential velocity of a point a distance R from the axis of rotation equal the velocity of the center of mass?
28. ### Newton's Second Law for Translation and Rotation

Answer choices: N2L for Translation, N2L for Rotation, Both, Either 1. You are asked to find the angular acceleration of a low-friction pulley with a given force exerted on it. My solution = N2L for rotation 2. You are asked to find the angular acceleration of a low-friction pulley due to...
29. ### A uniform rod allowed to rotate about an axis and then it breaks

A uniform rod AB of length ℓ is free to rotate about a horizontal axis passing through A. The rod is released from rest from the horizontal position. If the rod gets broken at midpoint C when it becomes vertical, then just after breaking of the rod. Choose multiple answeres from the below...
30. ### Tension in a rotating rod at various places

(The answer given in the text says ##\boxed{T_1\; >\; T_2}## but, as I show below, I think it's just the opposite). I begin by putting an image relevant to the problem above. Taking a small particle each of the same mass ##m## at the two positions, the centripetal forces are ##T_1 =...