Rotation Definition and 235 Discussions

A rotation is a circular movement of an object around a center (or point) of rotation. The geometric plane along which the rotation occurs is called the rotation plane, and the imaginary line extending from the center and perpendicular to the rotation plane is called the rotation axis ( AK-seez). A three-dimensional object can always be rotated about an infinite number of rotation axes.
If the rotation axis passes internally through the body's own center of mass, then the body is said to be autorotating or spinning, and the surface intersection of the axis can be called a pole. A rotation around a completely external axis, e.g. the planet Earth around the Sun, is called revolving or orbiting, typically when it is produced by gravity, and the ends of the rotation axis can be called the orbital poles.

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  1. G

    I Slowing Earth’s Rotation

    Hi everyone, I’ve been thinking about this for a while and have done a bit of research but can’t seem to get a straight answer. Aside from collision with another object in space, is there anything that could cause the Earth’s rotation to dramatically slow down? If a sufficiently massive object...
  2. LadiSilverfox

    Questions about a habitable second moon

    Good afternoon, I am working on writing a story that is set on a habitable second Moon. I suppose I could easily say it's a mild planet that splits into three main seasons and make up some story about how the first Moon appears every so often for a month of phases and then vanishes. As a...
  3. V

    Finding tension as a function of distance from the center of rotation

    I'm not too sure how to account for both the mass and the rope at once. I think the following are true for the two individually: For the mass at the end, ## T = m ω^2 L ##, following from ##a = v^2/r##and ##v=ωr##. For the rope, ##dT = ω^2 r dM##, where ##dM = λ dr## and λ is the mass per unit...
  4. Rikudo

    Tension between two rigid bodies

    Ok. So, I already worked on this problem, and get ##m_c## = 2m/3, which is correct according to the book. However, I also want to know the value of the tension (T) between rod A and B. Note: Before we start working on my modified question, I want to point out that the force exerted by the...
  5. V

    Forces when car wheels "lay rubber"

    Suppose the car is moving to the right, so if the wheels roll without slipping, they are rolling clockwise. To get the wheel to slip, a counterclockwise torque would need to be applied to cause the wheel to have some angular acceleration. If the wheel was slipping, then the bottom of the wheel...
  6. H

    Disk and Stick Collision

    figure 11.12 I need someone to explain why the angular momentum of the ball is ## L_{f} = -rm_{d}V_{df} + I\omega## rather than ## L_{f} = rm_{d}V_{df} + I\omega ##. How to distinguish the sign of the angular momentum? p.s. ##\Delta\vec{L}_{total} = \vec{L}_{f} - \vec{L}_{i} =...
  7. Falgun

    I A Question on Spinors in a High school textbook

    While revising Rotational motion, I came across a qualitative question which blew me away. Meaning I couldn't even understand the question let alone answer it😅. It has to do with these objects called spinors which as I understand are evoked in quantum mechanics and Relativity. I am attaching the...
  8. genxium

    I How to numerically find control settings given the expected acceleration? (lunar lander)

    I'm currently working on a pet project which is similar to the OpenAI Lunar Lander v2 (hence the problem is in a 2D context), and seeking help for a sub-problem that's been blocking me for a while. At any instant of time, I'm to find Fe: magnitude of main engine thrust, must be >0 Fs...
  9. jonas_biermann

    B Calculating the torque needed to rotate a drum

    Imagine this: You have a drum with a radius of 12cm, around that drum is a toothed belt which is connected to a motor. The drum weighs 10kg The motor should be placed under the drum How would I calculate the amount of torque needed to rotate the drum I don't have any idea how to calculate this...
  10. L

    Mass m sliding without friction inside a rotating tube

    1) To be in equilibrium, it must be $$\begin{cases}F_{centr}-T=0\\ T-mg=0\end{cases}\Rightarrow F_{centr}=T=mg\Rightarrow m\omega^2 R_0=mg\Rightarrow R_0=\frac{g}{\omega^2}$$ 2) It is intuitive that this equilibrium is unstable but I don't know how to formally prove this. 3) In ##R_0## the...
  11. Istiak

    How long does it take for the disk to stop rotating?

    Question : Solution attempt : for
  12. SJay16

    How would one estimate the rotation period of a star from its spectrum

    The figure is shown; the measurements were taken on two consecutive observing nights. The Ordinate is the flux normalized to continuum and the abscissa is the wavelength scale. You can see the "bumps" indicated by the arrows referring to some Starspot as the spot moves on the profile; assuming a...
  13. Kaushik

    Find the frictional force acting on a solid cylinder

    This was the answer key provided: My questions are the following: if the force required for rotational equilibrium is more than the limiting static friction, then the body will rotate aka slip over the surface. When it slips, the frictional force will be kinetic and not static, right? If I...
  14. P

    Conservation of energy in rotating bodies

    The conservation of energy equation is basically GPE is converted to KE of block and KE of cylinder. To get the correct answer, the KE of the cylinder is 1/2mv^2, where m is its mass and v is the velocity of its COM (which is the centre of cylinder). However, I viewed the cylinder as rotating...
  15. yucheng

    Two rotating coaxial drums and sand transfering between them (Kleppner)

    The solution is simple by noting that the total angular momentum of the system is constant. (Though I overlooked this) Instead, I went ahead analyzing the individual angular momentum of both drums. Let ##L_a## and ##L_b## be the angular momentum respectively. ##M_a##, ##M_b## be the...
  16. yucheng

    Incorrect derivation of tangential acceleration in polar coordinates

    I am trying to derive the tangential acceleration of a particle. We have tangential velocity, radius and angular velocity. $$v_{tangential}= \omega r$$ then by multiplication rule, $$\dot v_{tangential} = a_{tangential} = \dot \omega r + \omega \dot r$$ and $$a_{tangential} = \ddot \theta r +...
  17. A

    Confusion about tidal locking and rotational kinetic energy

    Hello! I was reading two things: 1) tidal locking (as explained in the Wikipedia article: where it is stated that, because of internal friction caused by the body of water being attracted to the moon and deforming, the kinetic energy of the system...
  18. ricles

    Cylinder rotating on a support

    This comes from a list of exercises, and setting ##m_1 = 5.4kg##, ##m_2 = 9.3kg## and ##F=5N##, the answer should yield ##2.19m/s^2## (of course, supposing the answer is right). If I knew the radius ##R## of the cylinder, I could find its momentum and use it to find the linear acceleration...
  19. E

    Rolling 3 objects on an inclined plane

    Hello there, I have a question regarding this problem. I have no problem with part A. However, in part B, my solution manual states that the hollow cylinder will reach the bottom last. Why is it? I mean shouldn't the solid cylinder and the hollow one reach the bottom at the same time? you know...
  20. WonderKitten

    Conservation of angular momentum

    Hi, I have the following problem: A homogeneous disc with M = 1.78 kg and R = 0.547 m is lying down at rest on a perfectly polished surface. The disc is kept in place by an axis O although it can turn freely around it. A particle with m = 0.311 kg and v = 103 m/s, normal to the disc's surface at...
  21. G Cooke

    Questions About Highly Coupled Magnetic Resonance

    This is one of very few in-depth sources of information I can find online about Highly Coupled Magnetic Resonance...
  22. F

    Calculate a specific boost and rotation

    Let's begin with the first point. a.I) Apply a generic boost in the y-z plane (take advantage of the arbitrariness in deciding the alignment of the y and z axes). \begin{equation*} B_{yz} = \begin{pmatrix} \gamma & 0 & -\gamma v_y & -\gamma v_z \\ 0 & 1 & 0 & 0 \\ -\gamma v_y & 0 &...
  23. Gh778

    B Energy to increase the radius of a circle composed of several disks

    Hi, I take a big number of disks to composed a circle of a radius of 1 m, the blue curved line is in fact several very small disks: I take a big number of disks to simplify the calculations, and I take the size of the disks very small in comparison of the radius of the circle. The center A1...
  24. P

    Forces at the bottom of a rotating U-tube filled with water

    So when the rotation starts some water will move upwards and in the vertical part of tube. I know hat centripetal force will be given by F=mv²/r Now I though of taking r as centre of mass of the water system but I don't know what to take the value of m as? Should I only consider the water...
  25. burian

    Disk rotating in a disc

    From a freebody analysis I got, $$ \vec{r} \times \vec{F} = |r| |F| \sin( 90 - \theta) = (R-r) mg \cos \theta$$ and, this is equal to $$ I \alpha_1$$ where the alpha_1 is the angular acceleration of center of mass of small circle around big one, $$ I \alpha = (R-r) mg \cos \theta$$ Now...
  26. B

    Confusion About Rotational Motion

    I watched a video that showed how to calculate the center of gravity of a horizontal bar suspended from two wires, one attached to each end. Each wire was then attached to a vertical wall. The angle each wire made with the wall it was attached to was given. They treated it as an a example of...
  27. P

    Minimum force required to rotate a lamina

    When the lamina rotates about A, FA must act on B (because it is the farthest away) perpendicular to AB (so that all of FA contributes to rotation). Same argument is valid for rotation of lamina about B as well. Having noted that, I tried two approaches: Approach 1- If I assume that the...
  28. O

    I Rotation of functions

    I was solving a problem for my quantum mechanics homework, and was therefore browsing in the internet for further information. Then I stumbled upon this here: R is the rotation operator, δφ an infinitesimal angle and Ψ is the wave function. I know that it is able to rotate a curve, vector...
  29. Athenian

    Rotation Matrix and Vectors

    Below is the attempted solution of a tutor. However, I do question his solution method. Therefore, I would sincerely appreciate it if anyone could tell me what is going on with the below solution. First off, the rotation of the matrix could be expressed as below: $$G = \begin{pmatrix} AB & -||A...
  30. S

    Can you feel planet rotation?

    It's often said that you don't feel Earth rotation because the gravity acts against the centrifugal force. Of course this is true but also your body is turned around once each 24 hours. So I wonder on a planet which is rotating once each 3 seconds and has same g=9,81: Would you feel the rotation?
  31. Adesh

    An isolated object can rotate only about its center of mass

    I was talking to someone about the equilibrium of fluids and we reached at some stage where we had to prove that in an external field the translational forces add to zero along with moments (torques) should also add to zero. The first one was quite easy but during the discussion of second...
  32. C

    About the Moment of Inertia

    Hello, I am a computer science major and Ex-Biology grad student, my knowledge in physics is humble, but I got a little curious when my professor derived the expressions of moment of inertia for different objects. The moment of Inertia of a thin disk is 1/2MR2, but it is the same as the moment...
  33. Prabs3257

    Is the angular acceleration of this rod constant?

    Please refer to the image
  34. Hajarmq

    Rotation and spring force exercise

    Summary:: Calculating the inclination angle A stick is on two springs with spring constants D1=500N/m and D2=300N/m. Consider the stick is without mass and can rotate around the point E, which is distant from spring 1 with 0,1m and from spring 2 with 0,8m. A force F=100N pulls the stick up...
  35. S

    Invariance of a spin singlet under rotation

    I have tried doing the obvious thing and multiplied the vectors and matrices, but I don't see a way to rearrange my result to resemble the initial state again: ##(\mathcal{D_{1y}(\alpha)} \otimes \mathcal{D_{2y}(\alpha)} )|\text{singlet}\rangle = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}\left[ \begin{pmatrix}...
  36. J

    Translational and rotational velocity

    For a cylinder rolling down an inclined plane, does the tangential velocity of a point a distance R from the axis of rotation equal the velocity of the center of mass?
  37. B

    Newton's Second Law for Translation and Rotation

    Answer choices: N2L for Translation, N2L for Rotation, Both, Either 1. You are asked to find the angular acceleration of a low-friction pulley with a given force exerted on it. My solution = N2L for rotation 2. You are asked to find the angular acceleration of a low-friction pulley due to...
  38. Kaushik

    A uniform rod allowed to rotate about an axis and then it breaks

    A uniform rod AB of length ℓ is free to rotate about a horizontal axis passing through A. The rod is released from rest from the horizontal position. If the rod gets broken at midpoint C when it becomes vertical, then just after breaking of the rod. Choose multiple answeres from the below...
  39. brotherbobby

    Tension in a rotating rod at various places

    (The answer given in the text says ##\boxed{T_1\; >\; T_2}## but, as I show below, I think it's just the opposite). I begin by putting an image relevant to the problem above. Taking a small particle each of the same mass ##m## at the two positions, the centripetal forces are ##T_1 =...
  40. The Bizarre Behavior of Rotating Bodies, Explained

    The Bizarre Behavior of Rotating Bodies, Explained

    Spinning objects have strange instabilities known as The Dzhanibekov Effect or Tennis Racket Theorem - this video offers an intuitive explanation. Part of th...
  41. S

    Yo-yo on an accelerating conveyor belt

    First off, I was wondering if the acceleration of the conveyor belt can be considered a force. And I'm not exactly sure how to use Newton's second law if the object of the forces is itself on an accelerating surface. Also, I don't know whether it rolls with or without slipping. I thought I could...
  42. J

    Auto/Motor Swirl push maker DIY

    Hi Everyone! I am trying to a DIY project to make a food maker. I am 50% succeeded with that and need help for the remaining 50%. The idea is to produce the output shown in the first image. That food is made with a flour. So I have the setup a pressing machine shown in image2. In this I was...
  43. C

    A basic question about rotation

    Problem Statement: Let there be a ring of mass m and radius r. Let 3 masses be attached to the ring and named as O,P and Q. Mass of O and Q is 2m and mass of p is M. The angle between 2 masses is 15 degrees as shown in the figure. Find the maximum velocity the ring must roll so that it doesn't...
  44. N

    Rotating with slipping to rotating without slipping?

    It seems to me that this transition implies going from kinetic friction to static friction. The kinetic friction would apply a torque that would slow down the object's angular velocity, but I'm not sure how this connects to the object suddenly transitioning into rotating without slipping.
  45. A

    How to stop a steering wheel using an electric motor?

    Problem Statement: i have a steering wheel mounted on an electric motor, and i want to stop the driver from going beyond a certain angle. i can read the torque applied by the driver, and the steering wheel angular velocity as well. how can i stop the steering wheel, without sending it harshely...
  46. Curtiss Oakley

    Problem Concerning Rotational Kinetic Energy

    For parts A and B I used energy to find the vcom and omega, but that won’t work for C. I have an answer by combining the three formulas that use acceleration above. My answer for alpha=-5g/3r. The next two are easily solvable if you find C, but I still feel like I’m missing something. Any help...
  47. Lardos

    A Ideas for determining the volume of a rotating object

    Hello everybody, I am currently working on an experiment investigating the formation of planets. I have a vacuum chamber in which dust particles form bigger agglomerates through accretion (sticking together). From the imagery I can see those agglomerates which are build up by smaller...
  48. B

    A question about magnetism that causes a wheel-loop to rotate

    This question is from 1977 AP Physics C so I suppose it would be clear enough, but I am confused about question c. Question a is easy (it rotates counterclockwise), question b too (Στ=6*rxF=6*r x (I*i x B)=0.06). Question C is where I am stuck. The diagram provided with the question looks like...
  49. F

    Motion in a vertical loop

    $$mg(0.45) = mg(R + R \cdot cos(\frac{π}{3})) + \frac{1}{2}mv^2$$ $$v^2 = g(0.9 - 3R)$$ The centripetal acceleration during the "flying through air" will be given by gravity $$mg \cdot cos(\frac{\pi}{3}) = \frac{mv^2}{r}$$ $$R = \frac{1.8}{5}$$ But my book says $$ R = \frac{1}{5}$$
  50. Romain Nzebele

    How to calculate angular speed?

    Homework Statement A car initially traveling at 29.0 m/s undergoes a constant negative acceleration of magnitude 1.75 m/s2after its brakes are applied. (a) How many revolutions does each tire make before the car comes to a stop, assuming the car does not skid and the tires have radii of 0.330...