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Stairstep Interpretation of Catalan Numbers

  1. Jan 1, 2010 #1
    How does one go about proving that [tex]C_n[/tex] (Catalan number) is the number of ways to tile a stairstep shape of height n with n rectangles? :rolleyes:
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Jan 12, 2010 #2
    If you draw your staircase going up from left to right, then the rectangle in the lower right hand corner is special. For a particular staircase of height n+1, this rectangle separates the staircase into two smaller staircases of heights j and n-j. j ranges from 0 to n. This fact can help you set up a recurrence relation, the solution of which is the Catalan numbers.
     
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