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1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

To set a speed record in measured (straight) distance d, a race car must be driven first in one direction (in time t1) and then in the opposite direction (in time t2). (a) To eliminate the effects of the wind and obtain the car's speed vc in a windless situation, should we find the average of d/t1 and d/t2 (method 1) or should we divide d by the average of t1 and t2? (b) What is the fractional difference in the two methods when a steady wind blows along the car's route and the ratio of the wind speed vw to the car's speed vc is 0.0240?

2. Relevant equations

t1 = with wind

t2 = against wind

v1 = d/t1

v2 = d/t2

v1 = vc+0.0240vc

v2 = vc-0.0240vc

"Method 1": vc = (v1+v2)/2

"Method 2": vc = d/(1/2(t1+t2))

3. The attempt at a solution

I understand the principle behind the problem (the physics concept is easy), but I cannot understand how one method is better than the other if they end up equaling the same thing. Also, where does the "fractional difference" come in, and how do you calculate it?

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# Straight line, fractional difference

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