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Temperature given a ratio of power out/power in

  1. Nov 19, 2009 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    Statement: If Jupiter emitted just as much energy per second (as infared radiation) as it receives from the Sun, the average temperature of the planet’s cloud tops would be about 107 K. Given that Jupiter actually emits approximately twice this much energy per second, calculate what the average temperature must actually be.

    2. Relevant equations
    I am given an example that T(Jup.) = 103 K, the temperature of the planet as a total blackbody is T = 127 K, and therefore
    [T(observed)/T(calculated)] ^ 4 = Power out/ Power in

    In this specific example then, I have... [127/103]^4 = 2.3 which means that Jupiter emits 2.3 times the power than it absorbs

    3. The attempt at a solution
    How am supposed to go about this problem. First, I thought that if I make Tcalc = 107 K and set (Tobs./107)^4 = 1 (from the first part of the statement), then I can calculate Tobs. and use it. This would mean that To must be 107 too.

    Then, if I plug (107/Tcalc)^4 = 2 (for twice as much energy/s) my Tcalc will come out to approximately 90K.

    Is this all i need to do? 90K does not seem right to me. Suggestions would help me tremendously! Thanks
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Nov 19, 2009 #2

    ehild

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    The emitted energy per unit time is proportional to the forth power of the body. It is the same as the absorbed power in equilibrium, and this power would correspond to 107 K.
    Pabs= const*1074

    Jupiter is not in thermal equilibrium as there are heat productive processes inside it. Because of this processes, it emits twice as much energy as it absorbs. Its emission rate is proportional to the fourth power of the real temperature of its clouds.

    Pemission =const*T4=2*Pabs.

    ehild
     
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