# Two movable pulleys lifting a mass

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## Homework Statement:

Each pulley is replaced by a system of two concentric disks, which are fastened
together and are free to rotate about a fixed, common axle. Each system has mass
M and moment of inertia MR2/2, and the radius of the inner disk is R/2 and that
of the outer disk is R. Light, inextensible strings of the same material as in part (d)
are wrapped around each disk system, as shown in the diagram below, and the same
block of mass m is to be lifted by the force of magnitude F. Find the maximum
possible acceleration of the block in this case.

## Homework Equations:

t=Iα
F=ma
I solved the last part of the previous question, But I got no idea how to start solving this question Like how the rope is being attached, is it attached to the inner disk or the outer one.

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berkeman
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This is the FBD that I think about

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I think the position of the mass I drawn it wrongly

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I am thinking of solving it this way.
Let the pulley on the left be 1 and the one on the right be 2.
Sign convention
Let counter clock wise be positive and up also be positive.
For first pulley
-FR+T1(R/2)=(MR^2/2) α1
For the second pulley
T1(R)-T2(R/2)=(MR^2/2) α2
Now I now that α1=-α2, and α at any point is a/r. where r is the distance from the rotation axis. if I putted r=R, and a=a3. Then those equation becomes
2F-T1=Ma3 for the first pulley
and 2T1-T2=Ma3
Now for the block
T2-mg=ma3
Putting T1=5Mg, sorry I forgot to mention this in the question "maximum tension on the rope is 5Mg"
Then T2=2T1-Ma3 (Now this is confusing since if M was small small really small, then T2 is approximately equal to T1 which means that it will break" but I will continue and see what gonna happen)
so T2= 10Mg-Ma3
Putting this into the block equation.
10Mg-mg=a3(M+m)
so a3= (10Mg-mg)/(M+m)

haruspex
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Now this is confusing since if M was small small really small, then T2 is approximately equal to T1
I don't think so. It's rather worse than that.

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sorry I mean if M was small then it will be twice, so the rope will break. Is it because there's something wrong in the equations

Last edited:
haruspex
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Now I now that α1=-α2
Why? Think about the speed of the rope connecting them.

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Sorry for late reply,Oh I think the speed, the tangential speed of the rope must be the same, and there will be two angular acceleration I think, one of the small radius and the other for the big radius.

haruspex
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Sorry for late reply,Oh I think the speed, the tangential speed of the rope must be the same, and there will be two angular acceleration I think, one of the small radius and the other for the big radius.
Right.

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I am confused about how to describe the equation. should I used to think α is the angular acceleration at the furthest distance from the rotation point "same distance as R in moment of inertia". So I got no idea what does α stand for other than being a rotational acceleration.

haruspex
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I am confused about how to describe the equation. should I used to think α is the angular acceleration at the furthest distance from the rotation point "same distance as R in moment of inertia". So I got no idea what does α stand for other than being a rotational acceleration.
If the rope connecting them is accelerating downward at rate a, what are the two angular accelerations of the pulleys?

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The rope is connected to both of inner and outer and acceleration is the same so for the inner it should be twice the outer radius.

haruspex
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The rope is connected to both of inner and outer and acceleration is the same so for the inner it should be twice the outer radius.
If you mean the angular acceleration of the pulley where the rope is on the inner disc will be twice that of the other pulley, yes.

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Sorry i thought for both of them the rope is on the inner disk, I though it's in the inner rope then goes to the outer rope and connected again to a second pulley by the inner then the outer

haruspex
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Sorry i thought for both of them the rope is on the inner disk, I though it's in the inner rope then goes to the outer rope and connected again to a second pulley by the inner then the outer
I'm really not sure what you are saying there.
The rope that connects the pulleys runs from the outer disc of the upper pulley to the inner disc of the lower pulley. The determines the relationship between the two angular accelerations.

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Sorry I thought each rope is connected to both the inner and the outer

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haruspex
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Sorry I thought each rope is connected to both the inner and the outer
There are three separate ropes.

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Sorry but how do we know that they are separate ropes

haruspex
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Sorry but how do we know that they are separate ropes
The diagram shows a rope from the suspended mass rising up to and wrapping around the inner disc of the upper pulley. It does not show that rope going anywhere else, and if it did things would get in a tangle.
It also shows a rope wrapping around the outer disc of the upper pulley and the inner disc of the lower pulley. Again, it is not shown continuing anywhere beyond.

The question says
"Light, inextensible strings of the same material as in part (d) are wrapped around each disk system"
Strings, plural.

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Won't the middle rope for both of them have the same tangential speed, so for each pulley their will be two tangential speed one of each rope

jbriggs444
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If the middle rope on the left hand pulley has speed v, what is the speed of the outer rope on the right hand pulley?

Since they are the same rope, this should be an easy question to answer.

haruspex
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Won't the middle rope for both of them have the same tangential speed, so for each pulley their will be two tangential speed one of each rope
Yet again, I am really not sure what you are saying. I am guessing there is a language issue.
If the section of rope connecting them is moving down at acceleration a, what is the angular acceleration of the upper pulley?

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Sorry mate my English is my second language, I need to improve it. I see it now the upper will have half the angular acceleration of the lower, since they are connected by the same rope. From that we can find the tangential acceleration of the block. So if the acceleration of the lower is α then for the upper it's α /2. and the tangential acceleration of the block will be α /2(R/2)=α /4R

haruspex