I am so close to this breakthrough I can taste it. I say this because I haven't taken a shower in four days. Anyways go to this link http://physics.bu.edu/~duffy/py106/Electricfield.html
Gauss's Law said:Gauss' Law is a powerful method of calculating electric fields. If you have a solid conducting sphere (e.g., a metal ball) that has a net charge Q on it, you know all the excess charge lies on the outside of the sphere. Gauss' law tells us that the electric field inside the sphere is zero
This part. OKay so a conductor is charged, all the excess charges are on the surface canceling with whatever charge that is inside. Meaning all the free electrons inside cannot move because F = qE and F = q(0) = 0.
I don't understand, so what if F = 0? F = 0 could also mean the electrons would move under constant speed right?
Also when they say the surface charges cancel with the inner charges, do they mean vectorially? Because if I have a positive charge inside and some negative charge on the surface, then clearly a field exists between them. If that exists then how can it be 0?