• Support PF! Buy your school textbooks, materials and every day products Here!

Two unknown resistors. Need to find values of resistors.

  • Thread starter jhart_929
  • Start date
  • #1
9
0

Homework Statement



When two unknown resistors are connected in series with a battery, the battery delivers 260 W and carries a total current of 5.00 A. For the same total current, 35.0 W is delivered when the resistors are connected in parallel. Determine the values of the two resistors.

Homework Equations



P = I^2 x R

The Attempt at a Solution



I tried to make two unknowns by plugging in numbers into the equations, but that's not working. I know that the voltage will be the same throughout the parallel circuit, and that the current will be the same throughout the series circuit, but I'm not quite sure where to go from there.
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
jgens
Gold Member
1,580
49
Since P = I2R, we can solve for the equivalent resistance of the resistors.

Req = P/I2

When the resistors are in series, r1 + r2 = Req

Construct a similar equation for when the resistors are in parallel and you can solve for the values of the two resistors.
 
  • #3
9
0
I have my two equations, but I'm having trouble putting the two equations together. I have r1 + r2 = 7 and 1/r1 + 1/r2 = 1/52
 
  • #4
jgens
Gold Member
1,580
49
I'm not certain those values are correct, maybe I've made a mistake?

For series I get, Req = P/I2 = (260 W)/(5 A)2 = 10.4 ohms.

For parallel I get, Req = P/I2 = (35 W)/(5 A)2 = 1.4 ohms.

To get you started on solving the two equations, we know that R1 + R2 = 10.4 and R1R2/(R1 + R2) = 1.4. Combine these two equations.
 
  • #5
just solve for r1 and substitute into the other....

but are you sure those figures are correct? how did you get them?
 
  • #6
9
0
I think I must have forgotten to square "I"...your figures are correct. But then don't you also have to take into consideration that when you do 1/r1 + 1/r2 , that it equals 1/Req? ?
 
  • #7
jgens
Gold Member
1,580
49
Unless I've misunderstood your question which is certainly possible, I believe the equation Req = R1R2/(R1 + R2) takes care of that consideration.
 
  • #8
9
0
Oh. Okay. I missed that. Thank you so much!
 
  • #9
jgens
Gold Member
1,580
49
No problem!
 

Related Threads for: Two unknown resistors. Need to find values of resistors.

Replies
4
Views
2K
Replies
5
Views
644
  • Last Post
Replies
6
Views
11K
Replies
15
Views
8K
Replies
5
Views
4K
  • Last Post
Replies
6
Views
11K
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
2K
Replies
3
Views
838
Top