# Unraveling the Mystery of Photon Motion: E=hf Explained

• anantchowdhary
In summary, explain what a photon is and how it behaves as a wave and a particle.The de Broglie wavelength of a photon and of matter indicate that they are waves.The Copenhagen Interpretation is that we cannot know what a photon looks like, as the act of measurement destroys what we are trying to look at.f

#### anantchowdhary

How does a photon move.If it is a particle and moves in a straight line,what do we mean by its frequency in
E=hf?

How does a photon move.
No one actually knows since we can't observe a photon without destroying it (i.e. in a photodetector). I'm sure this has been discussed somewhere recently, I'll have a dig around later and see what I can find.
it is a particle and moves in a straight line,what do we mean by its frequency in
E=hf?
The frequency is simply the frequency of the EM field oscillations, which determines the properties of light.

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How do we get E=hf.And so u said that we don't know how a photon travels.its a part of the dual nature of light.So can't it be that the photon a point particle is traveling in sort of a wave?

What does the de broglie wavelength of a photon and of matter indicate?IS it the wavelength they would have if they were to be waves or sumthning like that?

That's a very good question but when you ask a physicist they won't give you a direct answer, personally i don't think they don't know the answer.Like if you ask a physicist about an electron's spin it doesn't actually mean that the electron's spinning its something totally different.They'll give you an quantum interpretation of the photon that they are particles of light E= hf the energy acquired by an electron (look at the photoelectric effect) now remembering that a photon can act as a particle or wave hv= quantum energy associated with an e.m wave of frequency v (think of it as a wave) . I wouldn't worry about it too much another way of getting a feel for the photon is by looking at how it also interacts in other situations such as the compton effect ( creation of x-rays) or in the scattering of electrons in a collission it is essentially radiation that is going to interact with matter in 3 primary ways via
1. the photoelectric effect
2.the compton effect
3. pair production
I hope i haven't bombed u with too much info. Hope this helps!

yes that is correct if they were waves

Imagine a simple demonstration: a silly spring(think Americans call them slinkys?) Someone is holding one end and someone the other, now one person introduces some movement at one end and the other person a different movement at the other, this is what superposition might look like of two states. We can see the spring moving in combination of these states.

Now if someone else knocks the spring from another angle we have another state, that's a wave in a 3 state superposition, there maybe many many states, perhaps even infinite states? Infinite different waves within the super position.

Now envision that someone comes along and measures the spring, now it behaves like a particle, so the act of measurement has destroyed all the superpositions of the spring or it has decohered.

Now how much does that reveal about what a photon looks like or how it propagates, given that we have a measurement issue.

This is the Copenhagen Interpretation in a nutshell.

And believe me it p's physicists off no end

EDIT: how would we know it travels in some sort of wavelike configuration? Young's two slit experiment shows it behaves like a wave producing band like patterns on the screen: as each photon passes through the slits, a sort of interference pattern builds up, of course if we try and detect the photon before it hits the screen, we end up with the photon merely striking the back of the screen as if it was a particle?

What do you think happens when a single photon is fired at the two slits? now what happens if we repeat this a thousand times?

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pair production? what is that?

SO a photon is sometimes a wave and sometimes a particle moving in a STRAIGHT line.Have i got it correctly?

SO a photon is sometimes a wave and sometimes a particle moving in a STRAIGHT line.Have i got it correctly?

It appears from inference that it travels as a wave, as you will see when you look at the experiments below, but as soon as we try and measure it it appears to behave more like a particle losing whatever state it had, this is decoherence, we cannot really know what it looks like because the act of measurement destroys what we are trying to look at.

However since it produces interference patterns we infer it travels as a wave, as the back screen shows a dispersal pattern similar to a water wave.

I.e. If we used dyed the water you would see the same banding as the wave passed through the slits and the waves interfered with each other, this is a good analogy of what is happening.

These links will make it easier to understand

http://physicsweb.org/articles/world/15/9/1

http://physicsweb.org/articles/world/15/9/2

http://www.upscale.utoronto.ca/GeneralInterest/Harrison/DoubleSlit/DoubleSlit.html" [Broken]

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