# Aerospace Use of Vortex Lattice Method in Transonic Applications

1. Oct 8, 2012

### Harmonic

Hi,

I'm looking for an aerodynamic code to model a transonic (say around M=0.8) wing for some basic structural sizing and performance estimation. I'm hoping to use the MATLAB based VLM code Tornado. It has an inbuilt Prandtl-Glauert correction option. I realise that this is technically applicable only below transonic speeds (say M<0.7) but I was wondering if:

1. The span loading outputs would be acceptable for some preliminary design studies and spar/cover sizing?
2. The drag estimates would be useful in any way?

My initial thoughts are that the span loading could be used for preliminary sizing as although the model will not include the effect of shocks, my thinking is that this will be approximately uniform along the span. Therefore a difference in lift (between the P-G correction and a model including shocks) will be the same along the span and so the loading will be the same. How does that sound?

As far as performance estimate goes... Given my above argument I also believed the induced drag values will be usable. I could then tack on viscous and wave drag data and bob's your mother's brother!

I'd really appreciate any thoughts on my reasoning here, if it's good/bad/needs modification, other points to consider that I've missed or suggested relevant reading (as I'm struggling to find anything specifically on this topic). Thanks for reading!

David

Last edited: Oct 8, 2012
2. Oct 8, 2012

### RandomGuy88

I do not think that will work. First, assuming a uniform span load distribution is probably not a great approximation. More importantly though the effects of shocks are not uniform across the span. The shock will not necessarily form everywhere on the wing at once. Even at a sufficient speed to generate a shock along the entire span the shock will not be at the chord wise location and will therefore not affect each part of the wing in the same way.

Transonic flow is harder because the governing potential flow equation is no longer linear.

I do not work in transonic flow so perhaps someone else can provide more insight than me.

3. Oct 9, 2012

### Harmonic

Just to clarify, I wasn't suggesting that I'd use a uniform span load distribution, because then why use a VLM code at all!

I understand that the effect of the shock will not be the same everywhere on the wing, but I was thinking this might not be too bad a first order model of it to get a span loading, and I suppose that's what I was looking for comments on.

Last edited: Oct 9, 2012
4. Oct 13, 2012

### granbycools

Hi,

I´ve been using LamDes (also some VLM, for modelling lifting surfaces as thin plates)
and the used Prandtl-Glauert correction was insignifcant for high Mach numbers (M>0,8).